Effective connectivity between superior temporal gyrus and Heschl's gyrus during white noise listening: Linear versus non-linear models

Khairiah Abdul Hamid, Ahmad Nazlim Yusoff, M. Z A Rahman, Mazlyfarina Mohamad, A. I A Hamid

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: This fMRI study is about modelling the effective connectivity between Heschl's gyrus (HG) and the superior temporal gyrus (STG) in human primary auditory cortices.- Materials & methods: Ten healthy male participants were required to listen to white noise stimuli during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scans. Statistical parametric mapping (SPM) was used to generate individual and group brain activation maps. For input region determination, two intrinsic connectivity models comprising bilateral HG and STG were constructed using dynamic causal modelling (DCM). The models were estimated and inferred using DCM while Bayesian Model Selection (BMS) for group studies was used for model comparison and selection. Based on the winning model, six linear and six non-linear causal models were derived and were again estimated, inferred, and compared to obtain a model that best represents the effective connectivity between HG and the STG, balancing accuracy and complexity. Results: Group results indicated significant asymmetrical activation (p uncorr < 0.001) in bilateral HG and STG. Model comparison results showed strong evidence of STG as the input centre. The winning model is preferred by 6 out of 10 participants. The results were supported by BMS results for group studies with the expected posterior probability, r = 0.7830 and exceedance probability, φ = 0.9823. One-sample t-tests performed on connection values obtained from the winning model indicated that the valid connections for the winning model are the unidirectional parallel connections from STG to bilateral HG (p < 0.05). Subsequent model comparison between linear and non-linear models using BMS prefers non-linear connection (r = 0.9160, φ = 1.000) from which the connectivity between STG and the ipsi- and contralateral HG is gated by the activity in STG itself. Conclusion: We are able to demonstrate that the effective connectivity between HG and STG while listening to white noise for the respective participants can be explained by a non-linear dynamic causal model with the activity in STG influencing the STG-HG connectivity non-linearly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalBiomedical Imaging and Intervention Journal
Volume8
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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Auditory Cortex
Nonlinear Dynamics
Temporal Lobe
White noise
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Chemical activation
Linear Models
Healthy Volunteers

Keywords

  • Bayesian Model Selection (BMS)
  • Dynamic causal modelling (DCM)
  • fMRI
  • Non-linear DCM

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology

Cite this

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title = "Effective connectivity between superior temporal gyrus and Heschl's gyrus during white noise listening: Linear versus non-linear models",
abstract = "Purpose: This fMRI study is about modelling the effective connectivity between Heschl's gyrus (HG) and the superior temporal gyrus (STG) in human primary auditory cortices.- Materials & methods: Ten healthy male participants were required to listen to white noise stimuli during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scans. Statistical parametric mapping (SPM) was used to generate individual and group brain activation maps. For input region determination, two intrinsic connectivity models comprising bilateral HG and STG were constructed using dynamic causal modelling (DCM). The models were estimated and inferred using DCM while Bayesian Model Selection (BMS) for group studies was used for model comparison and selection. Based on the winning model, six linear and six non-linear causal models were derived and were again estimated, inferred, and compared to obtain a model that best represents the effective connectivity between HG and the STG, balancing accuracy and complexity. Results: Group results indicated significant asymmetrical activation (p uncorr < 0.001) in bilateral HG and STG. Model comparison results showed strong evidence of STG as the input centre. The winning model is preferred by 6 out of 10 participants. The results were supported by BMS results for group studies with the expected posterior probability, r = 0.7830 and exceedance probability, φ = 0.9823. One-sample t-tests performed on connection values obtained from the winning model indicated that the valid connections for the winning model are the unidirectional parallel connections from STG to bilateral HG (p < 0.05). Subsequent model comparison between linear and non-linear models using BMS prefers non-linear connection (r = 0.9160, φ = 1.000) from which the connectivity between STG and the ipsi- and contralateral HG is gated by the activity in STG itself. Conclusion: We are able to demonstrate that the effective connectivity between HG and STG while listening to white noise for the respective participants can be explained by a non-linear dynamic causal model with the activity in STG influencing the STG-HG connectivity non-linearly.",
keywords = "Bayesian Model Selection (BMS), Dynamic causal modelling (DCM), fMRI, Non-linear DCM",
author = "Hamid, {Khairiah Abdul} and Yusoff, {Ahmad Nazlim} and Rahman, {M. Z A} and Mazlyfarina Mohamad and Hamid, {A. I A}",
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T1 - Effective connectivity between superior temporal gyrus and Heschl's gyrus during white noise listening

T2 - Linear versus non-linear models

AU - Hamid, Khairiah Abdul

AU - Yusoff, Ahmad Nazlim

AU - Rahman, M. Z A

AU - Mohamad, Mazlyfarina

AU - Hamid, A. I A

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Purpose: This fMRI study is about modelling the effective connectivity between Heschl's gyrus (HG) and the superior temporal gyrus (STG) in human primary auditory cortices.- Materials & methods: Ten healthy male participants were required to listen to white noise stimuli during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scans. Statistical parametric mapping (SPM) was used to generate individual and group brain activation maps. For input region determination, two intrinsic connectivity models comprising bilateral HG and STG were constructed using dynamic causal modelling (DCM). The models were estimated and inferred using DCM while Bayesian Model Selection (BMS) for group studies was used for model comparison and selection. Based on the winning model, six linear and six non-linear causal models were derived and were again estimated, inferred, and compared to obtain a model that best represents the effective connectivity between HG and the STG, balancing accuracy and complexity. Results: Group results indicated significant asymmetrical activation (p uncorr < 0.001) in bilateral HG and STG. Model comparison results showed strong evidence of STG as the input centre. The winning model is preferred by 6 out of 10 participants. The results were supported by BMS results for group studies with the expected posterior probability, r = 0.7830 and exceedance probability, φ = 0.9823. One-sample t-tests performed on connection values obtained from the winning model indicated that the valid connections for the winning model are the unidirectional parallel connections from STG to bilateral HG (p < 0.05). Subsequent model comparison between linear and non-linear models using BMS prefers non-linear connection (r = 0.9160, φ = 1.000) from which the connectivity between STG and the ipsi- and contralateral HG is gated by the activity in STG itself. Conclusion: We are able to demonstrate that the effective connectivity between HG and STG while listening to white noise for the respective participants can be explained by a non-linear dynamic causal model with the activity in STG influencing the STG-HG connectivity non-linearly.

AB - Purpose: This fMRI study is about modelling the effective connectivity between Heschl's gyrus (HG) and the superior temporal gyrus (STG) in human primary auditory cortices.- Materials & methods: Ten healthy male participants were required to listen to white noise stimuli during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scans. Statistical parametric mapping (SPM) was used to generate individual and group brain activation maps. For input region determination, two intrinsic connectivity models comprising bilateral HG and STG were constructed using dynamic causal modelling (DCM). The models were estimated and inferred using DCM while Bayesian Model Selection (BMS) for group studies was used for model comparison and selection. Based on the winning model, six linear and six non-linear causal models were derived and were again estimated, inferred, and compared to obtain a model that best represents the effective connectivity between HG and the STG, balancing accuracy and complexity. Results: Group results indicated significant asymmetrical activation (p uncorr < 0.001) in bilateral HG and STG. Model comparison results showed strong evidence of STG as the input centre. The winning model is preferred by 6 out of 10 participants. The results were supported by BMS results for group studies with the expected posterior probability, r = 0.7830 and exceedance probability, φ = 0.9823. One-sample t-tests performed on connection values obtained from the winning model indicated that the valid connections for the winning model are the unidirectional parallel connections from STG to bilateral HG (p < 0.05). Subsequent model comparison between linear and non-linear models using BMS prefers non-linear connection (r = 0.9160, φ = 1.000) from which the connectivity between STG and the ipsi- and contralateral HG is gated by the activity in STG itself. Conclusion: We are able to demonstrate that the effective connectivity between HG and STG while listening to white noise for the respective participants can be explained by a non-linear dynamic causal model with the activity in STG influencing the STG-HG connectivity non-linearly.

KW - Bayesian Model Selection (BMS)

KW - Dynamic causal modelling (DCM)

KW - fMRI

KW - Non-linear DCM

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