Effect of ZnO addition on structural properties of ZnO-PANi/carbon black thin films

Siti Fariza Binti Mat Tahir, Norhashimah Ramli, Izura Izzuddin, Muhamad Mat Salleh, Muhammad Yahaya, Ali Umar Akrajas, Mohammad Hafizuddin Jumali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this project was to investigate the effect of ZnO addition on the structural properties of ZnO-PANi/carbon black thin films. The sol gel method was employed for the preparation of ZnO sol. The sol was dried for 24 h at 100°C and then annealed at 600°C for 5 h. XRD characterization of the ZnO powder showed the formation of wurtzite type ZnO crystals. The ZnO powder were mixed into PANi/carbon black solution which was dissolved into M-Pyrol, N-Methyl-2-Pyrrolidinone (NMP) to produce a composite solution of ZnO-PANi/carbon black. The weight ratio of ZnO were 4 wt%, 6 wt% and 8 wt%. The composite solutions were deposited onto glass substrates using a spin-coating technique to fabricate ZnO-PANi/carbon black thin films. AFM characterization showed the decreasing of average roughness from 7.98 nm to 2.23 nm with the increment of ZnO addition in PANi/carbon black films. The thickness of the films also decreased from 59.5 nm to 28.3 nm. FESEM image revealed that ZnO-PANi/carbon black thin films have changed into agglomerated surface morphology resulting in the increment of porosity of the films.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1001-1004
Number of pages4
JournalSains Malaysiana
Volume41
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2012

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Soot
Structural properties
Thin films
Polymethyl Methacrylate
Powders
Coating techniques
Composite materials
Spin coating
Sol-gel process
Surface morphology
Porosity
Surface roughness
Glass
Crystals
Substrates

Keywords

  • Sol gel method
  • Spin coating technique
  • Structural properties
  • ZnO thin film

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Effect of ZnO addition on structural properties of ZnO-PANi/carbon black thin films. / Tahir, Siti Fariza Binti Mat; Ramli, Norhashimah; Izzuddin, Izura; Mat Salleh, Muhamad; Yahaya, Muhammad; Akrajas, Ali Umar; Jumali, Mohammad Hafizuddin.

In: Sains Malaysiana, Vol. 41, No. 8, 08.2012, p. 1001-1004.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Mat Salleh, Muhamad

AU - Yahaya, Muhammad

AU - Akrajas, Ali Umar

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