Effect of vertical internal baffles on fluidization hydrodynamics and grain drying characteristics

Chung Lim Law, Siti Masrinda Tasirin, Wan Ramli Wan Daud, Pin Pin Ng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of vertical internal baffles on the particle mixing and grain drying characteristics in a batch fluidized bed column is investigated. Experimental work was carried out in a 3 m high rectangular fluidized bed dryer of cross sectional area of 0.15 m×0.61 m at different operating conditions using paddy, a group D particle, as the fluidizing material. The results of the study showed that the fluidized bed dryer system with vertical internal baffles gave better particle mixing effect in the bed of particles than that without vertical internal baffles. This is due to the fact that the vertical internal baffle act as gas bubble breakers by breaking up the large gas bubbles into smaller ones. The smaller bubbles cause a more vigorous mixing in the bed of particles before finally erupting at the bed surface. This improves the contacting efficiency and enhanced the heat and mass transfer of the fluidized bed system. Thus a higher drying rate was obtained in the falling rate period because the higher contacting efficiency increases the evaporation rate at the particle surface. However, the drying rate in the diffusion region shows little improvement because the moisture diffusivity does not depend on the contacting efficiency. The fluidized bed dryer with vertical internal baffles could therefore be used in the initial rapid drying stage in a two stage drying strategy for paddy. The insertion of vertical internal baffles into a fluidized bed system improves the processing of Group D particles in a fluidized bed system especially if the system is large in scale.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)801-808
Number of pages8
JournalChinese Journal of Chemical Engineering
Volume12
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2004

Fingerprint

Fluidization
Hydrodynamics
Fluidized beds
Drying
Gases
Hot Temperature
Evaporation
Moisture
Mass transfer
Heat transfer
Processing

Keywords

  • Bubble characteristics
  • Critical moisture content
  • Drying curves
  • Fluidization quality
  • Fluidized bed dryer
  • Group D particles
  • Paddy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Effect of vertical internal baffles on fluidization hydrodynamics and grain drying characteristics. / Law, Chung Lim; Tasirin, Siti Masrinda; Wan Daud, Wan Ramli; Ng, Pin Pin.

In: Chinese Journal of Chemical Engineering, Vol. 12, No. 6, 12.2004, p. 801-808.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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