Effect of ultrasonic treatment on clay microfabric evaluation by atomic force microscopy

Ali Asghar Firoozi, Mohd. Raihan Taha, Ali Akbar Firoozi, Tanveer Ahmed Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Researchers previously thought the only ways to investigate the microfabric of clayey soil were through a scanning electron microscope (SEM), a transmission electron microscope (TEM), an X-ray, and an optical microscope. However, in this research, ultrasonic equipment was used to disperse clayey soils (bentonite, illite, and kaolinite) for different lengths of time. After dispersion, an atomic force microscope (AFM) was employed to take three-dimensional (3D) photographs. While the samples were intact, AFM was able to take 3D photographs in different environments. The IA-P9-BUILD software was employed to analyze the data to obtain the angle of particle orientation and the particle size distribution. In this investigation, it was observed that with the use of an ultrasonic device with 30 KHz of power, bentonite, illite, and kaolinite reached a dispersion state after 12, 8, and 6 min, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)244-252
Number of pages9
JournalMeasurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation
Volume66
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Fingerprint

ultrasonic processing
illite
bentonite
Atomic Force Microscope
kaolinite
Atomic Force Microscopy
photographs
Microscope
clays
Soil
Atomic force microscopy
soils
Clay
Microscopes
Kaolinite
electron microscopes
ultrasonics
Ultrasonics
Bentonite
microscopes

Keywords

  • Atomic force microscopy
  • Clay Orientation
  • Microfabric
  • Ultrasonic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Applied Mathematics

Cite this

Effect of ultrasonic treatment on clay microfabric evaluation by atomic force microscopy. / Firoozi, Ali Asghar; Taha, Mohd. Raihan; Firoozi, Ali Akbar; Khan, Tanveer Ahmed.

In: Measurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation, Vol. 66, 2015, p. 244-252.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{c7e83112d04e4769bfca8ed6b1269940,
title = "Effect of ultrasonic treatment on clay microfabric evaluation by atomic force microscopy",
abstract = "Researchers previously thought the only ways to investigate the microfabric of clayey soil were through a scanning electron microscope (SEM), a transmission electron microscope (TEM), an X-ray, and an optical microscope. However, in this research, ultrasonic equipment was used to disperse clayey soils (bentonite, illite, and kaolinite) for different lengths of time. After dispersion, an atomic force microscope (AFM) was employed to take three-dimensional (3D) photographs. While the samples were intact, AFM was able to take 3D photographs in different environments. The IA-P9-BUILD software was employed to analyze the data to obtain the angle of particle orientation and the particle size distribution. In this investigation, it was observed that with the use of an ultrasonic device with 30 KHz of power, bentonite, illite, and kaolinite reached a dispersion state after 12, 8, and 6 min, respectively.",
keywords = "Atomic force microscopy, Clay Orientation, Microfabric, Ultrasonic",
author = "Firoozi, {Ali Asghar} and Taha, {Mohd. Raihan} and Firoozi, {Ali Akbar} and Khan, {Tanveer Ahmed}",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.1016/j.measurement.2015.02.033",
language = "English",
volume = "66",
pages = "244--252",
journal = "Measurement",
issn = "1536-6367",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of ultrasonic treatment on clay microfabric evaluation by atomic force microscopy

AU - Firoozi, Ali Asghar

AU - Taha, Mohd. Raihan

AU - Firoozi, Ali Akbar

AU - Khan, Tanveer Ahmed

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Researchers previously thought the only ways to investigate the microfabric of clayey soil were through a scanning electron microscope (SEM), a transmission electron microscope (TEM), an X-ray, and an optical microscope. However, in this research, ultrasonic equipment was used to disperse clayey soils (bentonite, illite, and kaolinite) for different lengths of time. After dispersion, an atomic force microscope (AFM) was employed to take three-dimensional (3D) photographs. While the samples were intact, AFM was able to take 3D photographs in different environments. The IA-P9-BUILD software was employed to analyze the data to obtain the angle of particle orientation and the particle size distribution. In this investigation, it was observed that with the use of an ultrasonic device with 30 KHz of power, bentonite, illite, and kaolinite reached a dispersion state after 12, 8, and 6 min, respectively.

AB - Researchers previously thought the only ways to investigate the microfabric of clayey soil were through a scanning electron microscope (SEM), a transmission electron microscope (TEM), an X-ray, and an optical microscope. However, in this research, ultrasonic equipment was used to disperse clayey soils (bentonite, illite, and kaolinite) for different lengths of time. After dispersion, an atomic force microscope (AFM) was employed to take three-dimensional (3D) photographs. While the samples were intact, AFM was able to take 3D photographs in different environments. The IA-P9-BUILD software was employed to analyze the data to obtain the angle of particle orientation and the particle size distribution. In this investigation, it was observed that with the use of an ultrasonic device with 30 KHz of power, bentonite, illite, and kaolinite reached a dispersion state after 12, 8, and 6 min, respectively.

KW - Atomic force microscopy

KW - Clay Orientation

KW - Microfabric

KW - Ultrasonic

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84924069289&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84924069289&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.measurement.2015.02.033

DO - 10.1016/j.measurement.2015.02.033

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84924069289

VL - 66

SP - 244

EP - 252

JO - Measurement

JF - Measurement

SN - 1536-6367

ER -