Effect of Treatments on the Physical and Morphological Properties of SPF/Phenolic Composites

Bushra Rashid, Z. Leman, M. Jawaid, Mariyam Jameelah Ghazali, M. R. Ishak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study aims at evaluating the physical properties and effects of fiber treatments of natural fiber reinforced polymer composite’s friction applications. Sugar palm fibers (SPFs) were used as fillers (≤ 150 µm) with phenolic resin to fabricate the composites by the hot press technique. The loading of SPFs varied from 0 to 40 vol.% with an interval of 10 vol.% in phenolic composites. The fibers were treated with sea water for 30 days, and with 0.5 M of alkaline solution for 4 hrs. Rockwell hardness, density, voids content, water/oil absorption, and moisture content were studied. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to investigate the morphology and interfacial bonding of the fibre-matrix in composites. With an increase in the SPF loading in the composites, the results indicated a decline in Rockwell hardness, an increase in water/oil absorption, and density. It was also observed that higher the density of the composites, lower was the voids content. In terms of physical properties, sea water treatment showed better improvement than alkaline treatment. The outcome of this research indicated that SPFs can be effectively used in reinforcing polymer composites, such as friction composites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Natural Fibers
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 6 Feb 2017

Fingerprint

Sugars
Fibers
Composite materials
Polymers
Oils
Physical properties
Hardness
Friction
Phenolic resins
Natural fibers
Water
Water treatment
Water content
Fillers
Moisture
Scanning electron microscopy

Keywords

  • alkaline treatment
  • phenolic resin
  • physical properties
  • sea water treatment
  • SEM
  • sugar palm fibre

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)

Cite this

Effect of Treatments on the Physical and Morphological Properties of SPF/Phenolic Composites. / Rashid, Bushra; Leman, Z.; Jawaid, M.; Ghazali, Mariyam Jameelah; Ishak, M. R.

In: Journal of Natural Fibers, 06.02.2017, p. 1-13.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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