Effect of transportation policies on modal shift from private car to public transport in Malaysia

Abdullah Nurdden, Riza Atiq Abdullah O.K. Rahmat, Amiruddin Ismail

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The car is the second (40%) most common mode of transportation in Malaysia. The rapid increase in the use of personal transportation has its roots in the weak Malaysian public transport system. As a result, traffic congestion, accidents, air pollution and need for parking space among other evils, have escalated. In this study, policies aimed at discouraging the use of private transportation were studied. In addition, this study sought to identify factors that prevent personal transport users from utilizing public transport so that rational policies could be formulated to encourage greater utilization of public transport. A survey was carried out on users of private and public (both bus and urban train transport) (n = 1200). A binary logit model was developed for the three alternative modes, Car, Bus and Train. This study found that age, gender, car ownership, travel time, travel cost, household size and income are significant factors in influencing the individual's choice of transportation. The most important variables found likely to encourage the use of public transport were reduced travel time, reduce the distance from home to public transportation stations and subsidized fares. In conclusion, for the commuter to switch to public transport, proper incentives need to be provided for a successful implementation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1013-1018
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Applied Sciences
Volume7
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2007

Fingerprint

Railroad cars
Travel time
Transportation charges
Traffic congestion
Parking
Air pollution
Accidents
Switches
Costs

Keywords

  • Binary logit
  • Model shift
  • Private car
  • Public transport policy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Effect of transportation policies on modal shift from private car to public transport in Malaysia. / Nurdden, Abdullah; O.K. Rahmat, Riza Atiq Abdullah; Ismail, Amiruddin.

In: Journal of Applied Sciences, Vol. 7, No. 7, 01.04.2007, p. 1013-1018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nurdden, Abdullah ; O.K. Rahmat, Riza Atiq Abdullah ; Ismail, Amiruddin. / Effect of transportation policies on modal shift from private car to public transport in Malaysia. In: Journal of Applied Sciences. 2007 ; Vol. 7, No. 7. pp. 1013-1018.
@article{f472fccbf9d1489a9fc7fa600accfbae,
title = "Effect of transportation policies on modal shift from private car to public transport in Malaysia",
abstract = "The car is the second (40{\%}) most common mode of transportation in Malaysia. The rapid increase in the use of personal transportation has its roots in the weak Malaysian public transport system. As a result, traffic congestion, accidents, air pollution and need for parking space among other evils, have escalated. In this study, policies aimed at discouraging the use of private transportation were studied. In addition, this study sought to identify factors that prevent personal transport users from utilizing public transport so that rational policies could be formulated to encourage greater utilization of public transport. A survey was carried out on users of private and public (both bus and urban train transport) (n = 1200). A binary logit model was developed for the three alternative modes, Car, Bus and Train. This study found that age, gender, car ownership, travel time, travel cost, household size and income are significant factors in influencing the individual's choice of transportation. The most important variables found likely to encourage the use of public transport were reduced travel time, reduce the distance from home to public transportation stations and subsidized fares. In conclusion, for the commuter to switch to public transport, proper incentives need to be provided for a successful implementation.",
keywords = "Binary logit, Model shift, Private car, Public transport policy",
author = "Abdullah Nurdden and {O.K. Rahmat}, {Riza Atiq Abdullah} and Amiruddin Ismail",
year = "2007",
month = "4",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
pages = "1013--1018",
journal = "Journal of Applied Sciences",
issn = "1812-5654",
publisher = "Asian Network for Scientific Information",
number = "7",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of transportation policies on modal shift from private car to public transport in Malaysia

AU - Nurdden, Abdullah

AU - O.K. Rahmat, Riza Atiq Abdullah

AU - Ismail, Amiruddin

PY - 2007/4/1

Y1 - 2007/4/1

N2 - The car is the second (40%) most common mode of transportation in Malaysia. The rapid increase in the use of personal transportation has its roots in the weak Malaysian public transport system. As a result, traffic congestion, accidents, air pollution and need for parking space among other evils, have escalated. In this study, policies aimed at discouraging the use of private transportation were studied. In addition, this study sought to identify factors that prevent personal transport users from utilizing public transport so that rational policies could be formulated to encourage greater utilization of public transport. A survey was carried out on users of private and public (both bus and urban train transport) (n = 1200). A binary logit model was developed for the three alternative modes, Car, Bus and Train. This study found that age, gender, car ownership, travel time, travel cost, household size and income are significant factors in influencing the individual's choice of transportation. The most important variables found likely to encourage the use of public transport were reduced travel time, reduce the distance from home to public transportation stations and subsidized fares. In conclusion, for the commuter to switch to public transport, proper incentives need to be provided for a successful implementation.

AB - The car is the second (40%) most common mode of transportation in Malaysia. The rapid increase in the use of personal transportation has its roots in the weak Malaysian public transport system. As a result, traffic congestion, accidents, air pollution and need for parking space among other evils, have escalated. In this study, policies aimed at discouraging the use of private transportation were studied. In addition, this study sought to identify factors that prevent personal transport users from utilizing public transport so that rational policies could be formulated to encourage greater utilization of public transport. A survey was carried out on users of private and public (both bus and urban train transport) (n = 1200). A binary logit model was developed for the three alternative modes, Car, Bus and Train. This study found that age, gender, car ownership, travel time, travel cost, household size and income are significant factors in influencing the individual's choice of transportation. The most important variables found likely to encourage the use of public transport were reduced travel time, reduce the distance from home to public transportation stations and subsidized fares. In conclusion, for the commuter to switch to public transport, proper incentives need to be provided for a successful implementation.

KW - Binary logit

KW - Model shift

KW - Private car

KW - Public transport policy

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=34250701633&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=34250701633&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:34250701633

VL - 7

SP - 1013

EP - 1018

JO - Journal of Applied Sciences

JF - Journal of Applied Sciences

SN - 1812-5654

IS - 7

ER -