Effect of teflon and nafion loading at anode in direct formic acid fuel cell (Dfafc)

Mohd Shahbudin Mastar @ Masdar, N. A. Puaad, N. M. Aslam, S. K. Kamarudin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

DFAFC has extensive hydrophilic nature and will cause problems in a limited mass transport in the anode side of electrode. Thus, the microporous layer (MPL) of DFAFC needs a different in structure and morphology compared with that of PEMFC and DMFC because it will directly affect the performance. Therefore, in this study, the formulation of anode’s MPL has been investigated by varying the amount of Teflon and Nafion. Different loading of Teflon in MPL and Nafion in catalyst layer, i.e., 0 to 40% in weight, were used to fabricate the anode’s DFAFC. The characteristic of MPLs and anode (MPL with catalyst layer) such as surface morphologies and resistivity, i.e., electrical impedance, have been analyzed using field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and contact angle measurements as well as electrochemical impedance spectra (EIS). Meanwhile, the performance of fabricated anode was measured using cyclic voltammetry (CV) technique with a half cell of DFAFC. From the result, it was obtained that the optimum content for both Teflon and Nafion on anode’s DFAFC was 20 wt% as shown in a highest electro-activity in electrode. The single cell DFAFC with optimum MEA formulation showed a good performance and hence, it is possible to apply the electricity power for electronic devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1121-1134
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Engineering Science and Technology
Volume11
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2016

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Formic acid fuel cells (FAFC)
Polytetrafluoroethylenes
Anodes
Electrodes
Catalysts
Acoustic impedance
Direct methanol fuel cells (DMFC)
Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC)
Angle measurement
Field emission
Cyclic voltammetry
Contact angle
Surface morphology
Mass transfer
Electricity
Scanning electron microscopy

Keywords

  • Electrode
  • Microporous layer
  • Nafion
  • Teflon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Effect of teflon and nafion loading at anode in direct formic acid fuel cell (Dfafc). / Mastar @ Masdar, Mohd Shahbudin; Puaad, N. A.; Aslam, N. M.; Kamarudin, S. K.

In: Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, Vol. 11, No. 8, 01.08.2016, p. 1121-1134.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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