Effect of reflow soldering process on metallurgical bonding between Sn3.5Ag solder and ENIG substrates

Norhamidi Muhamad, Badariah Bais, I. Ahmad, A. Isnin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Reflow soldering process is one of the important steps in the manufacturing process for ball grid arrays. The purpose of this study is to observe the metallurgical bonding between Sn3.5Ag solder ball and electroless nickel immersion gold (ENIG) substrates after reflow soldering process. The reflow soldering process was performed at peak temperatures T peak of 246 and 251°C for 50 s by the rapid thermal processing system. Visual micrographs of these solder joints were performed in order to support the metallurgical bonding of Sn3.5Ag solder ball and ENIG substrate after the reflow soldering process. The formation of Ni 3Sn 4 intermetallic compounds (IMCs) at the Sn3.5Ag solder/Ni interface was dependent and continuous with one another compared to the initial IMC formation at Tpeak of ̃246°C. It was also found that the initial IMCs thickness of Sn3.5Ag solder/Ni interface was lower and thinner at Tpeak of y251uC during the reflow soldering process. As a conclusion, the metallurgical bonding between Sn3?5Ag solder/ENIG substrate was formed better at T peak of ̃251°C during the reflow soldering process using the rapid thermal processing system.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMaterials Research Innovations
Volume15
Issue numberSUPPL. 2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Fingerprint

soldering
Soldering
solders
Nickel
Gold
Soldering alloys
submerging
nickel
gold
Substrates
Intermetallics
Rapid thermal processing
intermetallics
balls
Ball grid arrays
manufacturing
grids

Keywords

  • Elemental analysis
  • Intermetallic compounds
  • Metallurgical bonding
  • Reflow profile
  • Visual micrograph

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Mechanics of Materials

Cite this

Effect of reflow soldering process on metallurgical bonding between Sn3.5Ag solder and ENIG substrates. / Muhamad, Norhamidi; Bais, Badariah; Ahmad, I.; Isnin, A.

In: Materials Research Innovations, Vol. 15, No. SUPPL. 2, 2011.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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