Effect of ratio of initial input materials on the liquefaction of Empty Fruit Bunch (EFB)

A. L I Ahmadzadeh, Sarani Zakaria, Maisarah Yusoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The liquefaction of oil palm empty fruit bunch (EFB) in phenol was carried out in the presence of sulfuric acid as a catalyst in the reflux condenser system. The effect of initial phenol input and EFB on liquefaction reaction was investigated by measuring the reaction yield, EFB residue and combined phenol. The initial ratio of phenol to EFB has the greatest influence on the residue and reaction yield. The liquefaction products consist of some liquid by products with high amount of OH groups. The amount of this byproduct is 0.5 time of the solid product (phenolic resin).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)877-881
Number of pages5
JournalSains Malaysiana
Volume38
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2009

Fingerprint

phenol
fruits
condensers
Elaeis guineensis
sulfuric acid
catalysts
fruit yield
byproducts
resins
liquids
liquefaction

Keywords

  • Empty fruit bunches
  • Liquefaction
  • Phenol
  • Sulfuric acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Effect of ratio of initial input materials on the liquefaction of Empty Fruit Bunch (EFB). / Ahmadzadeh, A. L I; Zakaria, Sarani; Yusoff, Maisarah.

In: Sains Malaysiana, Vol. 38, No. 6, 10.2009, p. 877-881.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ahmadzadeh, A. L I ; Zakaria, Sarani ; Yusoff, Maisarah. / Effect of ratio of initial input materials on the liquefaction of Empty Fruit Bunch (EFB). In: Sains Malaysiana. 2009 ; Vol. 38, No. 6. pp. 877-881.
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