Effect of pre-treatment palm oil mill effluent POME on biohydrogen production by local isolate clostridium butyricum

Syafawati Ahmad Kamal, Mariatul Fadzillah Mansor, Jamaliah Md Jahim, Nurina Anuar

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Palm oil mill effluent (POME) contains approximately 6% fiber. The effectiveness of pre-treatment on POME can serve a very good feedstock for hydrogen production in fermentation process. In this research, the effectiveness of pre-treatment methods on POME treated using acid and base were analysed based total carbohydrate and reducing sugar content. By using 1M NaOH with heat treatment, 26.12% carbon source converted to reducing sugar while by using 1M H2SO4with heat treatment, over 32.09% carbon source converted to reducing sugar. The highest increment of total carbohydrate where from acid-heat treatment with 26.1% increment from initial concentration. At the initial pH (5.5) with fermentation temperature 37°C, the highest hydrogen production rate given by acid-heat treatment was 0.5mL H2/mL POME. Different for initial pH 7.0 with the same temperature, the highest hydrogen produced rate was given by base-heat treatment with 0.59 mL H2/mL POME. The production of hydrogen in 2L bioreactor given much higher hydrogen production compare to production in serum bottle. This fermentation was run in batch mode with initial pH 7 and control at 5.5. The maximum hydrogen produce was 4304 mL H2/ L POME from acid-heat treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvanced Materials Research
Pages2987-2992
Number of pages6
Volume236-238
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Event2011 International Conference on Chemical Engineering and Advanced Materials, CEAM 2011 - Changsha
Duration: 28 May 201130 May 2011

Publication series

NameAdvanced Materials Research
Volume236-238
ISSN (Print)10226680

Other

Other2011 International Conference on Chemical Engineering and Advanced Materials, CEAM 2011
CityChangsha
Period28/5/1130/5/11

Fingerprint

Clostridium
Palm oil
Effluents
Heat treatment
Hydrogen production
Sugars
Fermentation
Acids
Carbohydrates
Hydrogen
Carbon
Bottles
Bioreactors
Feedstocks
Temperature
Fibers

Keywords

  • Batch mode
  • Biohydrogen
  • Palm oil mill effluent (POME)
  • Pre-treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Ahmad Kamal, S., Mansor, M. F., Md Jahim, J., & Anuar, N. (2011). Effect of pre-treatment palm oil mill effluent POME on biohydrogen production by local isolate clostridium butyricum. In Advanced Materials Research (Vol. 236-238, pp. 2987-2992). (Advanced Materials Research; Vol. 236-238). https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.236-238.2987

Effect of pre-treatment palm oil mill effluent POME on biohydrogen production by local isolate clostridium butyricum. / Ahmad Kamal, Syafawati; Mansor, Mariatul Fadzillah; Md Jahim, Jamaliah; Anuar, Nurina.

Advanced Materials Research. Vol. 236-238 2011. p. 2987-2992 (Advanced Materials Research; Vol. 236-238).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Ahmad Kamal, S, Mansor, MF, Md Jahim, J & Anuar, N 2011, Effect of pre-treatment palm oil mill effluent POME on biohydrogen production by local isolate clostridium butyricum. in Advanced Materials Research. vol. 236-238, Advanced Materials Research, vol. 236-238, pp. 2987-2992, 2011 International Conference on Chemical Engineering and Advanced Materials, CEAM 2011, Changsha, 28/5/11. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.236-238.2987
Ahmad Kamal, Syafawati ; Mansor, Mariatul Fadzillah ; Md Jahim, Jamaliah ; Anuar, Nurina. / Effect of pre-treatment palm oil mill effluent POME on biohydrogen production by local isolate clostridium butyricum. Advanced Materials Research. Vol. 236-238 2011. pp. 2987-2992 (Advanced Materials Research).
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