Effect of polymer blend matrix compatibility and fibre reinforcement content on thermal stability and flammability of ecocomposites made from waste materials

Ruey Shan Chen, Sahrim Ahmad, Sinyee Gan, Mohd Nazry Salleh, Mohd Hafizuddin Ab Ghani, Mou'ad A. Tarawneh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper was aimed to evaluate the effects of matrix types (with or without ethylene-glycidyl methacrylate compatibilizer) and rice husk (RH) loadings (40–80 wt.%) on RH-reinforced recycled high-density polyethylene/recycled polyethylene terephthalate (rHDPE/rPET) ecocomposites. Results showed that the thermal stability and flammability resistance properties increased as the RH loadings increased. The addition of RH has effectively delayed the thermo-oxidation process of rHDPE/rPET matrix by 10 °C, and evident flame retardant effect has also been observed (decreased burning rate up to 24% in comparison to neat polymer blend). It is interesting to note that compatibilization of polymer blend matrix has further increased the thermal stability of ecocomposites. SEM images confirmed the enhanced interfacial bonding of phases in the compatibilized matrix ecocomposites. It can be concluded from this study that the used agro-waste material (RH) is attractive reinforcements in recycled plastics from the standpoint of their thermal and flammability properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)52-61
Number of pages10
JournalThermochimica Acta
Volume640
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Sep 2016

Fingerprint

flammability
Polyethylene Terephthalates
Compatibilizers
polymer blends
Flammability
Polyethylene
rice
Polymer blends
High density polyethylenes
Fiber reinforced materials
reinforcement
Polyethylene terephthalates
compatibility
Thermodynamic stability
thermal stability
Flame Retardants
fibers
Flame retardants
matrices
polyethylene terephthalate

Keywords

  • Biocomposite
  • Flame/fire retardancy
  • Natural fibers
  • Polymer-matrix composites (PMCs)
  • Recycled thermoplastic
  • Thermal analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

Cite this

Effect of polymer blend matrix compatibility and fibre reinforcement content on thermal stability and flammability of ecocomposites made from waste materials. / Chen, Ruey Shan; Ahmad, Sahrim; Gan, Sinyee; Salleh, Mohd Nazry; Ab Ghani, Mohd Hafizuddin; Tarawneh, Mou'ad A.

In: Thermochimica Acta, Vol. 640, 20.09.2016, p. 52-61.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chen, Ruey Shan ; Ahmad, Sahrim ; Gan, Sinyee ; Salleh, Mohd Nazry ; Ab Ghani, Mohd Hafizuddin ; Tarawneh, Mou'ad A. / Effect of polymer blend matrix compatibility and fibre reinforcement content on thermal stability and flammability of ecocomposites made from waste materials. In: Thermochimica Acta. 2016 ; Vol. 640. pp. 52-61.
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