Effect of microwave irradiation time on the physical properties of Terminalia catappa fruit shells-based activated carbon

Awitdrus, Al Annur, Rakhmawati Farma, Iwantono, Mohamad Deraman

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Activated carbon (AC) from Terminalia catappa fruit shells has been produced through microwave irradiation assisted chemical activation. Potassium hydroxide (KOH) was used as activating agent with ratio of mass percentage of pre-carbonized of Terminalia catappa fruit shells and KOH of 2:1. The AC was irradiated using microwave with the output power of 630 Watt and different irradiation time of 15, 20, and 25 minutes. The physical properties of ACs i.e. microstructures, surface morphology, and BET surface area were characterized using X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and N2 adsorption/desorption isotherm, respectively. Interlayer spacing d002 and d100, and stack width La increased, and stack height Lc decreased with increasing irradiation time. The N2 adsorption/desorption isotherm data of the ACs showed the BET surface area of 365 and 300 m2/g for AC15 and AC25, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication6th International Conference on Theoretical and Applied Physics, 6th ICTAP
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
Volume1801
ISBN (Electronic)9780735414693
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jan 2017
Event6th International Conference on Theoretical and Applied Physics, ICTAP 2016 - Makassar, Indonesia
Duration: 19 Sep 201621 Sep 2016

Other

Other6th International Conference on Theoretical and Applied Physics, ICTAP 2016
CountryIndonesia
CityMakassar
Period19/9/1621/9/16

Fingerprint

fruits
activated carbon
physical properties
microwaves
irradiation
alternating current
isotherms
desorption
potassium hydroxides
adsorption
interlayers
spacing
activation
microstructure
scanning electron microscopy
output
diffraction
x rays

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Awitdrus, Annur, A., Farma, R., Iwantono, & Deraman, M. (2017). Effect of microwave irradiation time on the physical properties of Terminalia catappa fruit shells-based activated carbon. In 6th International Conference on Theoretical and Applied Physics, 6th ICTAP (Vol. 1801). [040002] American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4973091

Effect of microwave irradiation time on the physical properties of Terminalia catappa fruit shells-based activated carbon. / Awitdrus; Annur, Al; Farma, Rakhmawati; Iwantono, ; Deraman, Mohamad.

6th International Conference on Theoretical and Applied Physics, 6th ICTAP. Vol. 1801 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2017. 040002.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Awitdrus, Annur, A, Farma, R, Iwantono, & Deraman, M 2017, Effect of microwave irradiation time on the physical properties of Terminalia catappa fruit shells-based activated carbon. in 6th International Conference on Theoretical and Applied Physics, 6th ICTAP. vol. 1801, 040002, American Institute of Physics Inc., 6th International Conference on Theoretical and Applied Physics, ICTAP 2016, Makassar, Indonesia, 19/9/16. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4973091
Awitdrus, Annur A, Farma R, Iwantono , Deraman M. Effect of microwave irradiation time on the physical properties of Terminalia catappa fruit shells-based activated carbon. In 6th International Conference on Theoretical and Applied Physics, 6th ICTAP. Vol. 1801. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2017. 040002 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4973091
Awitdrus ; Annur, Al ; Farma, Rakhmawati ; Iwantono, ; Deraman, Mohamad. / Effect of microwave irradiation time on the physical properties of Terminalia catappa fruit shells-based activated carbon. 6th International Conference on Theoretical and Applied Physics, 6th ICTAP. Vol. 1801 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2017.
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