Effect of material length on kinetics of essential oil hydrodistillation from lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus)

Muhammad D. Supardan, Erni Misran, Mahlizar, Satriana, Wan Aida Wan Mustapha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of material length on the kinetics of the hydrodistillation of lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) essential oil with the use of a laboratory-scale hydrodistillation unit. The experimental results showed that the highest yield was taking place at a material length of 10 cm. Based on simultaneous evaporation and diffusion mechanism, the kinetics of lemongrass oil hydrodistillation process can be described mathematically using a two-parameter model. It was found that the parameter relating to the fast oil distillation period (evaporation coefficient) was larger than that of the slow oil distillation period (diffusion coefficient), thus, the evaporation stage was much faster than the diffusion stage. The gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analyses have proved that the material length did not influence the composition of lemongrass oils. The content of the citral as the main component in lemongrass essential oils was found to be more than 80%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)810-819
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Engineering Science and Technology
Volume14
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2019

Fingerprint

Essential oils
Evaporation
Kinetics
Distillation
Gas chromatography
Mass spectrometry
Oils
Chemical analysis

Keywords

  • Essential oil
  • Hydrodistillation
  • Kinetic
  • Lemongrass

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Effect of material length on kinetics of essential oil hydrodistillation from lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus). / Supardan, Muhammad D.; Misran, Erni; Mahlizar; Satriana, ; Wan Mustapha, Wan Aida.

In: Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, Vol. 14, No. 2, 01.04.2019, p. 810-819.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{f8caf1959c5b403486a0668df987a03b,
title = "Effect of material length on kinetics of essential oil hydrodistillation from lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus)",
abstract = "The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of material length on the kinetics of the hydrodistillation of lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) essential oil with the use of a laboratory-scale hydrodistillation unit. The experimental results showed that the highest yield was taking place at a material length of 10 cm. Based on simultaneous evaporation and diffusion mechanism, the kinetics of lemongrass oil hydrodistillation process can be described mathematically using a two-parameter model. It was found that the parameter relating to the fast oil distillation period (evaporation coefficient) was larger than that of the slow oil distillation period (diffusion coefficient), thus, the evaporation stage was much faster than the diffusion stage. The gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analyses have proved that the material length did not influence the composition of lemongrass oils. The content of the citral as the main component in lemongrass essential oils was found to be more than 80{\%}.",
keywords = "Essential oil, Hydrodistillation, Kinetic, Lemongrass",
author = "Supardan, {Muhammad D.} and Erni Misran and Mahlizar and Satriana and {Wan Mustapha}, {Wan Aida}",
year = "2019",
month = "4",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
pages = "810--819",
journal = "Journal of Engineering Science and Technology",
issn = "1823-4690",
publisher = "Taylor's University College",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of material length on kinetics of essential oil hydrodistillation from lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus)

AU - Supardan, Muhammad D.

AU - Misran, Erni

AU - Mahlizar,

AU - Satriana,

AU - Wan Mustapha, Wan Aida

PY - 2019/4/1

Y1 - 2019/4/1

N2 - The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of material length on the kinetics of the hydrodistillation of lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) essential oil with the use of a laboratory-scale hydrodistillation unit. The experimental results showed that the highest yield was taking place at a material length of 10 cm. Based on simultaneous evaporation and diffusion mechanism, the kinetics of lemongrass oil hydrodistillation process can be described mathematically using a two-parameter model. It was found that the parameter relating to the fast oil distillation period (evaporation coefficient) was larger than that of the slow oil distillation period (diffusion coefficient), thus, the evaporation stage was much faster than the diffusion stage. The gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analyses have proved that the material length did not influence the composition of lemongrass oils. The content of the citral as the main component in lemongrass essential oils was found to be more than 80%.

AB - The objective of this study is to investigate the effect of material length on the kinetics of the hydrodistillation of lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) essential oil with the use of a laboratory-scale hydrodistillation unit. The experimental results showed that the highest yield was taking place at a material length of 10 cm. Based on simultaneous evaporation and diffusion mechanism, the kinetics of lemongrass oil hydrodistillation process can be described mathematically using a two-parameter model. It was found that the parameter relating to the fast oil distillation period (evaporation coefficient) was larger than that of the slow oil distillation period (diffusion coefficient), thus, the evaporation stage was much faster than the diffusion stage. The gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analyses have proved that the material length did not influence the composition of lemongrass oils. The content of the citral as the main component in lemongrass essential oils was found to be more than 80%.

KW - Essential oil

KW - Hydrodistillation

KW - Kinetic

KW - Lemongrass

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85071610902&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85071610902&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85071610902

VL - 14

SP - 810

EP - 819

JO - Journal of Engineering Science and Technology

JF - Journal of Engineering Science and Technology

SN - 1823-4690

IS - 2

ER -