Effect of heat treatment on the structural, morphological and optical properties of tin-doped ZnO (x=0.0 and x=0.05) thin films

Huda Abdullah, M. N. Norazia, S. Shaari, A. Amir Khadum

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The sol-gel method was used to obtain ZnO films doped with Sn at different annealing temperatures, 400°C, 500°C and 600°C. As a starting material, zinc acetate dehydrate was used, with 2-methoxyethanol and monoethanolamine as the solvent and stabilizer, respectively. The dopant source was tin chloride. The amounts of dopant in solution were Zn1-xSn xO: x = 0 and 5at.%. The proportion of dopant and Zn atoms are not the same in the film and in the solution. In other cases, the dopant proportion in the film is less than that in the solution. X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray (EDX), UV-VIS spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy were used to study the structural, surface morphological and optical properties of the films and the molecular bonding of the ZnO, respectively. It was concluded that the dopant amount, as well as the annealing temperature, modifies the film growth process and consequently the microstructure and surface morphology as well as the optical properties.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDefect and Diffusion Forum
Pages53-61
Number of pages9
Volume293
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Publication series

NameDefect and Diffusion Forum
Volume293
ISSN (Print)10120386

Fingerprint

Tin
Structural properties
tin
heat treatment
Optical properties
Heat treatment
Doping (additives)
optical properties
Thin films
thin films
proportion
Zinc Acetate
monoethanolamine (MEA)
Annealing
Stabilizers (agents)
Ethanolamine
annealing
Film growth
Ultraviolet spectroscopy
Sol-gel process

Keywords

  • Annealing
  • Sn-doped
  • Sol-gel method
  • Structural properties
  • Zinc oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Radiation

Cite this

Abdullah, H., Norazia, M. N., Shaari, S., & Khadum, A. A. (2009). Effect of heat treatment on the structural, morphological and optical properties of tin-doped ZnO (x=0.0 and x=0.05) thin films. In Defect and Diffusion Forum (Vol. 293, pp. 53-61). (Defect and Diffusion Forum; Vol. 293). https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/DDF.293.53

Effect of heat treatment on the structural, morphological and optical properties of tin-doped ZnO (x=0.0 and x=0.05) thin films. / Abdullah, Huda; Norazia, M. N.; Shaari, S.; Khadum, A. Amir.

Defect and Diffusion Forum. Vol. 293 2009. p. 53-61 (Defect and Diffusion Forum; Vol. 293).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abdullah, H, Norazia, MN, Shaari, S & Khadum, AA 2009, Effect of heat treatment on the structural, morphological and optical properties of tin-doped ZnO (x=0.0 and x=0.05) thin films. in Defect and Diffusion Forum. vol. 293, Defect and Diffusion Forum, vol. 293, pp. 53-61. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/DDF.293.53
Abdullah, Huda ; Norazia, M. N. ; Shaari, S. ; Khadum, A. Amir. / Effect of heat treatment on the structural, morphological and optical properties of tin-doped ZnO (x=0.0 and x=0.05) thin films. Defect and Diffusion Forum. Vol. 293 2009. pp. 53-61 (Defect and Diffusion Forum).
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