Effect of growth temperature and time on the ZnO film properties and the performance of dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC)

I. Iwantono, W. Nurwidya, L. R. Lestari, F. Y. Naumar, S. Nafisah, Ali Umar Akrajas, Mohd Yusri Abd Rahman, Muhamad Mat Salleh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper reports the synthesis of ZnO nanorods via seed-mediated growth hydrothermal technique and their application in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). The growth process was carried out at various temperatures, namely 60, 70, 80, and 90 °C for 8 h at 0.1 M zinc acetate dehydrate (ZAD) to investigate the effect of growth temperature on the property of ZnO sample and on the performance of the DSSC-containing ZnO sample. The growth process was also carried out at various growth times, namely 2, 4, 6, and 8 h at 90 °C at 0.1 M ZAD to investigate the effect of growth time on the property of ZnO sample and on the performance of the DSSC. It was found that the morphology of ZnO nanorods in terms of grain size and length increases with the growth temperature. The peak intensity of XRD patterns, crystallite size, optical absorption, and photocurrent also increase with the growth temperature. The optical absorption and power conversion efficiency (η) increase as the growth time increases. The DSSC utilizing the ZnO nanorods synthesized at 90 °C for 8 h demonstrates the J<inf>SC</inf>, V<inf>OC</inf>, FF and η of 1.860 mA cm<sup>−2</sup>, 0.52 V, 0.287, and 0.277 %, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1217-1221
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Solid State Electrochemistry
Volume19
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2015

Fingerprint

Growth temperature
solar cells
dyes
Zinc Acetate
Nanorods
Light absorption
nanorods
temperature
Zinc
acetates
optical absorption
Crystallite size
zinc
Photocurrents
Volatile organic compounds
Conversion efficiency
Seed
Dye-sensitized solar cells
volatile organic compounds
photocurrents

Keywords

  • Dye-sensitized solar cell
  • Nanorod
  • ZnO

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrochemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Effect of growth temperature and time on the ZnO film properties and the performance of dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC). / Iwantono, I.; Nurwidya, W.; Lestari, L. R.; Naumar, F. Y.; Nafisah, S.; Akrajas, Ali Umar; Abd Rahman, Mohd Yusri; Mat Salleh, Muhamad.

In: Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry, Vol. 19, No. 4, 01.04.2015, p. 1217-1221.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Iwantono, I. ; Nurwidya, W. ; Lestari, L. R. ; Naumar, F. Y. ; Nafisah, S. ; Akrajas, Ali Umar ; Abd Rahman, Mohd Yusri ; Mat Salleh, Muhamad. / Effect of growth temperature and time on the ZnO film properties and the performance of dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC). In: Journal of Solid State Electrochemistry. 2015 ; Vol. 19, No. 4. pp. 1217-1221.
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