Effect of gibberellic acid on the growth and yield of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.)

Mohammed Hasan, Ismail Sahid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study was conducted during two different seasons to determine the best concentration of gibberellic acid (GA3) that could result in better growth and higher yield of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Experiments were conducted during the 2015 dry season and 2016 wet season at the field of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia. The purpose of the experiments was to investigate the response of the groundnut plants to four levels of GA3 (0, 50, 100 and 150 mg L-1) as foliar spray at 21 and 42 days after sowing. The treatments were laid out in a randomized complete block design and replicated thrice. The results showed that the treatment of 150 mg L-1 GA3 significantly (p<0.05) increased plant height, number of branches per plant, total dry weight, number of pods per plant, pod yield, 100 seed weight, % shelling, oil content, protein content, seed moisture and germination percentage during the wet and dry seasons. In conclusion, the 150 mg L-1 GA3 concentration is the optimum level required to enhance the growth and yield in groundnuts during the wet and dry seasons.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)221-225
Number of pages5
JournalSains Malaysiana
Volume47
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2018

Fingerprint

Arachis hypogaea
gibberellic acid
peanuts
dry season
wet season
Malaysia
pods
shelling
seeds
sowing
lipid content
protein content
germination

Keywords

  • Dry season
  • GA3
  • Gibberellic acid
  • Groundnut
  • Wet season

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Effect of gibberellic acid on the growth and yield of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.). / Hasan, Mohammed; Sahid, Ismail.

In: Sains Malaysiana, Vol. 47, No. 2, 01.02.2018, p. 221-225.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hasan, Mohammed ; Sahid, Ismail. / Effect of gibberellic acid on the growth and yield of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.). In: Sains Malaysiana. 2018 ; Vol. 47, No. 2. pp. 221-225.
@article{e121402eea444667bf1df9969e86911f,
title = "Effect of gibberellic acid on the growth and yield of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.)",
abstract = "This study was conducted during two different seasons to determine the best concentration of gibberellic acid (GA3) that could result in better growth and higher yield of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Experiments were conducted during the 2015 dry season and 2016 wet season at the field of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia. The purpose of the experiments was to investigate the response of the groundnut plants to four levels of GA3 (0, 50, 100 and 150 mg L-1) as foliar spray at 21 and 42 days after sowing. The treatments were laid out in a randomized complete block design and replicated thrice. The results showed that the treatment of 150 mg L-1 GA3 significantly (p<0.05) increased plant height, number of branches per plant, total dry weight, number of pods per plant, pod yield, 100 seed weight, {\%} shelling, oil content, protein content, seed moisture and germination percentage during the wet and dry seasons. In conclusion, the 150 mg L-1 GA3 concentration is the optimum level required to enhance the growth and yield in groundnuts during the wet and dry seasons.",
keywords = "Dry season, GA3, Gibberellic acid, Groundnut, Wet season",
author = "Mohammed Hasan and Ismail Sahid",
year = "2018",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.17576/jsm-2018-4702-02",
language = "English",
volume = "47",
pages = "221--225",
journal = "Sains Malaysiana",
issn = "0126-6039",
publisher = "Penerbit Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of gibberellic acid on the growth and yield of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.)

AU - Hasan, Mohammed

AU - Sahid, Ismail

PY - 2018/2/1

Y1 - 2018/2/1

N2 - This study was conducted during two different seasons to determine the best concentration of gibberellic acid (GA3) that could result in better growth and higher yield of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Experiments were conducted during the 2015 dry season and 2016 wet season at the field of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia. The purpose of the experiments was to investigate the response of the groundnut plants to four levels of GA3 (0, 50, 100 and 150 mg L-1) as foliar spray at 21 and 42 days after sowing. The treatments were laid out in a randomized complete block design and replicated thrice. The results showed that the treatment of 150 mg L-1 GA3 significantly (p<0.05) increased plant height, number of branches per plant, total dry weight, number of pods per plant, pod yield, 100 seed weight, % shelling, oil content, protein content, seed moisture and germination percentage during the wet and dry seasons. In conclusion, the 150 mg L-1 GA3 concentration is the optimum level required to enhance the growth and yield in groundnuts during the wet and dry seasons.

AB - This study was conducted during two different seasons to determine the best concentration of gibberellic acid (GA3) that could result in better growth and higher yield of groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Experiments were conducted during the 2015 dry season and 2016 wet season at the field of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia. The purpose of the experiments was to investigate the response of the groundnut plants to four levels of GA3 (0, 50, 100 and 150 mg L-1) as foliar spray at 21 and 42 days after sowing. The treatments were laid out in a randomized complete block design and replicated thrice. The results showed that the treatment of 150 mg L-1 GA3 significantly (p<0.05) increased plant height, number of branches per plant, total dry weight, number of pods per plant, pod yield, 100 seed weight, % shelling, oil content, protein content, seed moisture and germination percentage during the wet and dry seasons. In conclusion, the 150 mg L-1 GA3 concentration is the optimum level required to enhance the growth and yield in groundnuts during the wet and dry seasons.

KW - Dry season

KW - GA3

KW - Gibberellic acid

KW - Groundnut

KW - Wet season

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85044198025&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85044198025&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.17576/jsm-2018-4702-02

DO - 10.17576/jsm-2018-4702-02

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85044198025

VL - 47

SP - 221

EP - 225

JO - Sains Malaysiana

JF - Sains Malaysiana

SN - 0126-6039

IS - 2

ER -