Effect of filler-to-matrix-blending ratio on the mechanical strength of palm-based biocomposite boards

Khairiah Badri, Khairul Anuar Mat Amin, Zulkefly Othman, Hairani Abdul Manaf, Nur Khairani Khalid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The effect of the blending ratio of a polyurethane matrix and oil-palm empty fruit bunch (EFB) fibers on the mechanical properties of biocomposite boards has been studied. The PU matrix and EFB fibers were used at blending ratios of 25:75, 30:70 and 35:65 (by weight). The mechanical property of hardness was studied. The intention of this study was to produce fiberboard from a vegetable oil-based polyester as the matrix and biomass from the palm oil industry, namely EFB. It was found that the blending ratio with a lower filler loading (35:65) gave higher impact and flexural strengths due to better fiber encapsulation which enhanced the fiber-matrix interfacial adhesion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)190-195
Number of pages6
JournalPolymer International
Volume55
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2006

Fingerprint

Strength of materials
Fillers
Fruits
Palm oil
Fibers
Mechanical properties
Polyesters
Polyurethanes
Plant Oils
Vegetable oils
Impact strength
Encapsulation
Bending strength
Biomass
Adhesion
Hardness
Industry

Keywords

  • Biocomposites
  • Blending ratio
  • Oil-palm empty fruit bunch
  • Palm kernel oil

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics

Cite this

Effect of filler-to-matrix-blending ratio on the mechanical strength of palm-based biocomposite boards. / Badri, Khairiah; Amin, Khairul Anuar Mat; Othman, Zulkefly; Manaf, Hairani Abdul; Khalid, Nur Khairani.

In: Polymer International, Vol. 55, No. 2, 02.2006, p. 190-195.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Badri, Khairiah ; Amin, Khairul Anuar Mat ; Othman, Zulkefly ; Manaf, Hairani Abdul ; Khalid, Nur Khairani. / Effect of filler-to-matrix-blending ratio on the mechanical strength of palm-based biocomposite boards. In: Polymer International. 2006 ; Vol. 55, No. 2. pp. 190-195.
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