Effect of filler and thermal aging on the mechanical properties of phenolated oil palm empty fruit bunch-base composite

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biofiber is used in the polymer based composite as a renewable resource due to its positive environmental benefits, biodegradable properties, low cost and high toughness. Biocomposite was fabricated using oil palm empty fruit bunch (EFB) as filler in phenolated EFB (PEFB) matrix. Phenolated EFB (PEFB) obtained from liquefaction of EFB in phenol was used as a biopolymer to replace novolak phenolic resin which is commonly used in composite materials. Sulfuric acid was used as a catalyst in the liquefaction reaction. The effect of thermal aging and blending ratio of PEFB matrix and EFB fibers on the mechanical properties of composites has been studied. The flexural data before and after thermal aging revealed the optimum amount of EFB filler is 50%. The result showed better compatibility between EFB and PEFB when compared with EFB and commercial novolak resin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)383-387
Number of pages5
JournalSains Malaysiana
Volume37
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2008

Fingerprint

Thermal aging
Palm oil
Fruits
Fillers
Mechanical properties
Composite materials
Liquefaction
Phenolic resins
Biopolymers
Sulfuric acid
Phenols
Toughness
Resins
Catalysts
Fibers
Polymers

Keywords

  • Biocomposite
  • EFB
  • Flexural
  • Izod impact
  • Liquefaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

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abstract = "Biofiber is used in the polymer based composite as a renewable resource due to its positive environmental benefits, biodegradable properties, low cost and high toughness. Biocomposite was fabricated using oil palm empty fruit bunch (EFB) as filler in phenolated EFB (PEFB) matrix. Phenolated EFB (PEFB) obtained from liquefaction of EFB in phenol was used as a biopolymer to replace novolak phenolic resin which is commonly used in composite materials. Sulfuric acid was used as a catalyst in the liquefaction reaction. The effect of thermal aging and blending ratio of PEFB matrix and EFB fibers on the mechanical properties of composites has been studied. The flexural data before and after thermal aging revealed the optimum amount of EFB filler is 50{\%}. The result showed better compatibility between EFB and PEFB when compared with EFB and commercial novolak resin.",
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AU - Ahmadzadeh, Ali

AU - Zakaria, Sarani

AU - Rasid, Rozaidi

AU - Syed Jaafar, Sharifah Nabihah

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N2 - Biofiber is used in the polymer based composite as a renewable resource due to its positive environmental benefits, biodegradable properties, low cost and high toughness. Biocomposite was fabricated using oil palm empty fruit bunch (EFB) as filler in phenolated EFB (PEFB) matrix. Phenolated EFB (PEFB) obtained from liquefaction of EFB in phenol was used as a biopolymer to replace novolak phenolic resin which is commonly used in composite materials. Sulfuric acid was used as a catalyst in the liquefaction reaction. The effect of thermal aging and blending ratio of PEFB matrix and EFB fibers on the mechanical properties of composites has been studied. The flexural data before and after thermal aging revealed the optimum amount of EFB filler is 50%. The result showed better compatibility between EFB and PEFB when compared with EFB and commercial novolak resin.

AB - Biofiber is used in the polymer based composite as a renewable resource due to its positive environmental benefits, biodegradable properties, low cost and high toughness. Biocomposite was fabricated using oil palm empty fruit bunch (EFB) as filler in phenolated EFB (PEFB) matrix. Phenolated EFB (PEFB) obtained from liquefaction of EFB in phenol was used as a biopolymer to replace novolak phenolic resin which is commonly used in composite materials. Sulfuric acid was used as a catalyst in the liquefaction reaction. The effect of thermal aging and blending ratio of PEFB matrix and EFB fibers on the mechanical properties of composites has been studied. The flexural data before and after thermal aging revealed the optimum amount of EFB filler is 50%. The result showed better compatibility between EFB and PEFB when compared with EFB and commercial novolak resin.

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