Effect of fibre treatment using fluorosilane on Sansevieria Trifasciata /Polypropylene composite

Yanzur Mohd Aref, Azizah Baharum @ Abdul Aziz

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Recently, there is an increasing interest in the development of wood-plastic composites (WPC) due to their advantages such as wide availability, low cost, environment friendliness and sustainability. However, some major factors limiting the large scales production of WPC including the tendency of natural fibres to absorb water and the poor compatibility between fibre and matrix. In this study, we investigated the effectiveness of natural fibre treatment using fluorosilane in imparting hydrophobicity to the polypropylene (PP) matrix composite reinforced with Sansevieria Trifasciata (ST) fibres. ST fibres are subjected to silane treatment with 1H,1H,2H,2H-perfluorooctyltriethoxsysilane (POTS) at 1, 3 and 5% for a period of 2 hours. Influence of POTS treatment on the physical and mechanical properties of composites was studied to determine the optimum condition of silane treatment. The water contact angle (WCA) of WPC increased after POTS treatment where the highest value of 115°was shown by 3% POTS treated ST/PP composite. Based on mechanical properties results, incorporation of POTS treated ST fibre improves the mechanical properties with the enhancement of flexural and impact strength. The treatment with 3% POTS revealed statistically higher flexural strength and modulus compared to 1 and 5%. The water absorption test of ST/PP composites also gives the best result for 3% POTS treatment with 20.90% water uptake.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2017 Postgraduate Colloquium
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
Volume1940
ISBN (Electronic)9780735416321
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Apr 2018
Event2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium - Selangor, Malaysia
Duration: 12 Jul 201713 Jul 2017

Other

Other2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium
CountryMalaysia
CitySelangor
Period12/7/1713/7/17

Fingerprint

polypropylene
composite materials
fibers
plastics
flexural strength
mechanical properties
silanes
water
impact strength
hydrophobicity
matrices
compatibility
availability
tendencies
physical properties
augmentation

Keywords

  • fluorosilane treatment
  • hydrophobicity.
  • Sansevieria Trifasciata fibres
  • Wood-plastic composites

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Aref, Y. M., & Baharum @ Abdul Aziz, A. (2018). Effect of fibre treatment using fluorosilane on Sansevieria Trifasciata /Polypropylene composite. In 2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2017 Postgraduate Colloquium (Vol. 1940). [020106] American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5028021

Effect of fibre treatment using fluorosilane on Sansevieria Trifasciata /Polypropylene composite. / Aref, Yanzur Mohd; Baharum @ Abdul Aziz, Azizah.

2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2017 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1940 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2018. 020106.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Aref, YM & Baharum @ Abdul Aziz, A 2018, Effect of fibre treatment using fluorosilane on Sansevieria Trifasciata /Polypropylene composite. in 2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2017 Postgraduate Colloquium. vol. 1940, 020106, American Institute of Physics Inc., 2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium, Selangor, Malaysia, 12/7/17. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5028021
Aref YM, Baharum @ Abdul Aziz A. Effect of fibre treatment using fluorosilane on Sansevieria Trifasciata /Polypropylene composite. In 2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2017 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1940. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2018. 020106 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5028021
Aref, Yanzur Mohd ; Baharum @ Abdul Aziz, Azizah. / Effect of fibre treatment using fluorosilane on Sansevieria Trifasciata /Polypropylene composite. 2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2017 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1940 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2018.
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abstract = "Recently, there is an increasing interest in the development of wood-plastic composites (WPC) due to their advantages such as wide availability, low cost, environment friendliness and sustainability. However, some major factors limiting the large scales production of WPC including the tendency of natural fibres to absorb water and the poor compatibility between fibre and matrix. In this study, we investigated the effectiveness of natural fibre treatment using fluorosilane in imparting hydrophobicity to the polypropylene (PP) matrix composite reinforced with Sansevieria Trifasciata (ST) fibres. ST fibres are subjected to silane treatment with 1H,1H,2H,2H-perfluorooctyltriethoxsysilane (POTS) at 1, 3 and 5{\%} for a period of 2 hours. Influence of POTS treatment on the physical and mechanical properties of composites was studied to determine the optimum condition of silane treatment. The water contact angle (WCA) of WPC increased after POTS treatment where the highest value of 115°was shown by 3{\%} POTS treated ST/PP composite. Based on mechanical properties results, incorporation of POTS treated ST fibre improves the mechanical properties with the enhancement of flexural and impact strength. The treatment with 3{\%} POTS revealed statistically higher flexural strength and modulus compared to 1 and 5{\%}. The water absorption test of ST/PP composites also gives the best result for 3{\%} POTS treatment with 20.90{\%} water uptake.",
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