Effect of electrolyte concentration on performance of supercapacitor carbon electrode from fibers of oil palm empty fruit bunches

R. Farma, Mohamad Deraman, I. A. Talib, Awitdrus, Ramli Omar, M. M. Ishak, E. Taer, N. H. Basri, B. N.M. Dolah

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fibers of oil palm empty fruit bunches were used to produce self-adhesive carbon grains (SACG). The SACG green monoliths were carbonized in N 2 environment at 800°C to produce carbon monoliths (CM) and the CM was CO 2 activated at 800°C for 4 hour to produce activated carbon monolith electrodes (ACM). The physical properties of the CMs and ACMs were investigated using X-ray diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscopy and nitrogen adsorption-desorption. ACMs were used as electrode to fabricate symmetry supercapacitor cells and the cells which used H 2 SO 4 electrolyte at 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5 M were investigated using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, cyclic voltammetry and galvanostatic charge-discharge standard techniques. In this paper we report the physical properties of the ACM electrodes and the effect of electrolyte concentration on the electrochemical properties the ACM electrodes.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication5th Asian Physics Symposium, APS 2012
EditorsSparisoma Viridi, Khairul Basar, Ferry Iskandar, Bobby Eka Gunara, Wahyu Srigutomo
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735412989
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Apr 2015
Event5th Asian Physics Symposium, APS 2012 - Bandung, Indonesia
Duration: 10 Jul 201212 Jul 2012

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1656
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference5th Asian Physics Symposium, APS 2012
CountryIndonesia
CityBandung
Period10/7/1212/7/12

Fingerprint

fruits
electrochemical capacitors
oils
electrolytes
fibers
electrodes
carbon
activated carbon
adhesives
physical properties
cells
field emission
desorption
impedance
nitrogen
scanning electron microscopy
adsorption
symmetry
diffraction
spectroscopy

Keywords

  • Activated carbon monolith
  • Electrochemical properties
  • Electrolyte concentration
  • Porosity
  • Supercapacitor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Farma, R., Deraman, M., Talib, I. A., Awitdrus, Omar, R., Ishak, M. M., ... Dolah, B. N. M. (2015). Effect of electrolyte concentration on performance of supercapacitor carbon electrode from fibers of oil palm empty fruit bunches. In S. Viridi, K. Basar, F. Iskandar, B. E. Gunara, & W. Srigutomo (Eds.), 5th Asian Physics Symposium, APS 2012 [4917095] (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 1656). American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4917095

Effect of electrolyte concentration on performance of supercapacitor carbon electrode from fibers of oil palm empty fruit bunches. / Farma, R.; Deraman, Mohamad; Talib, I. A.; Awitdrus, ; Omar, Ramli; Ishak, M. M.; Taer, E.; Basri, N. H.; Dolah, B. N.M.

5th Asian Physics Symposium, APS 2012. ed. / Sparisoma Viridi; Khairul Basar; Ferry Iskandar; Bobby Eka Gunara; Wahyu Srigutomo. American Institute of Physics Inc., 2015. 4917095 (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 1656).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Farma, R, Deraman, M, Talib, IA, Awitdrus, , Omar, R, Ishak, MM, Taer, E, Basri, NH & Dolah, BNM 2015, Effect of electrolyte concentration on performance of supercapacitor carbon electrode from fibers of oil palm empty fruit bunches. in S Viridi, K Basar, F Iskandar, BE Gunara & W Srigutomo (eds), 5th Asian Physics Symposium, APS 2012., 4917095, AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 1656, American Institute of Physics Inc., 5th Asian Physics Symposium, APS 2012, Bandung, Indonesia, 10/7/12. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4917095
Farma R, Deraman M, Talib IA, Awitdrus , Omar R, Ishak MM et al. Effect of electrolyte concentration on performance of supercapacitor carbon electrode from fibers of oil palm empty fruit bunches. In Viridi S, Basar K, Iskandar F, Gunara BE, Srigutomo W, editors, 5th Asian Physics Symposium, APS 2012. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2015. 4917095. (AIP Conference Proceedings). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4917095
Farma, R. ; Deraman, Mohamad ; Talib, I. A. ; Awitdrus, ; Omar, Ramli ; Ishak, M. M. ; Taer, E. ; Basri, N. H. ; Dolah, B. N.M. / Effect of electrolyte concentration on performance of supercapacitor carbon electrode from fibers of oil palm empty fruit bunches. 5th Asian Physics Symposium, APS 2012. editor / Sparisoma Viridi ; Khairul Basar ; Ferry Iskandar ; Bobby Eka Gunara ; Wahyu Srigutomo. American Institute of Physics Inc., 2015. (AIP Conference Proceedings).
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AB - Fibers of oil palm empty fruit bunches were used to produce self-adhesive carbon grains (SACG). The SACG green monoliths were carbonized in N 2 environment at 800°C to produce carbon monoliths (CM) and the CM was CO 2 activated at 800°C for 4 hour to produce activated carbon monolith electrodes (ACM). The physical properties of the CMs and ACMs were investigated using X-ray diffraction, field emission scanning electron microscopy and nitrogen adsorption-desorption. ACMs were used as electrode to fabricate symmetry supercapacitor cells and the cells which used H 2 SO 4 electrolyte at 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5 M were investigated using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, cyclic voltammetry and galvanostatic charge-discharge standard techniques. In this paper we report the physical properties of the ACM electrodes and the effect of electrolyte concentration on the electrochemical properties the ACM electrodes.

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