Effect of electrochemical oxidation on biodegradability and toxicity of batik industry wastewater

Devagi Subramaniam, Azhar Abdul Halim

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study was conducted to investigate the increase in biodegradability and reduction in toxicity level in the batik wastewater treatment. Basically, the wastewater treatment from batik industry contained chemicals especially dyes which are not biodegradable and contains higher toxicity level because of the chemical compartment which comes out during the wastewater discharge and this could lead high risk in health wise to humans and all the aquatic living organisms. Thus, this research was carried to enhance the effectiveness of the electrochemical oxidation method by using the batik wastewater. Optimal parameters such as pH, time, distance between graphite electrodes and sodium chloride (NaCl) concentration as it activates as the electrolyte was done to obtain the removal of BOD, COD and color in the batik wastewater. The research study found that the removal of COD and color was high in the acidic conditions which are pH 5 with the removal of COD, 89.71% and color 93.89%. The ratio of BOD5/ COD successfully increased from 0.015 to 0.271 which mean it increase by 94.46% and the toxicity level using Toxtrax method (10017) also successfully reduced from 1.195% to 0.129% which means the samples which were slightly toxic were reduced to non- Toxic level.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2014 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium - Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2014 Postgraduate Colloquium
EditorsZahari Ibrahim, Haja Maideen Kader Maideen, Nazlina Ibrahim, Nurul Huda Abd Karim, Taufik Yusof, Fatimah Abdul Razak, Nurulkamal Maseran, Rozida Mohd Khalid, Noor Baa'yah Ibrahim, Hasidah Mohd. Sidek, Mohd Salmi Md Noorani, Norbert Simon
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
Pages597-602
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9780735412507
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2014
Event2014 Postgraduate Colloquium of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology, UKM FST 2014 - Selangor, Malaysia
Duration: 9 Apr 201411 Apr 2014

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume1614
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Other

Other2014 Postgraduate Colloquium of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology, UKM FST 2014
CountryMalaysia
CitySelangor
Period9/4/1411/4/14

Fingerprint

biodegradability
crack opening displacement
electrochemical oxidation
toxicity
industries
color
biochemical oxygen demand
compartments
sodium chlorides
organisms
health
graphite
dyes
chlorides
electrolytes
electrodes

Keywords

  • Batik wastewater samples
  • Biodegradability (BOD5/COD)
  • Toxicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Subramaniam, D., & Abdul Halim, A. (2014). Effect of electrochemical oxidation on biodegradability and toxicity of batik industry wastewater. In Z. Ibrahim, H. M. K. Maideen, N. Ibrahim, N. H. A. Karim, T. Yusof, F. A. Razak, N. Maseran, R. M. Khalid, N. B. Ibrahim, H. M. Sidek, M. S. M. Noorani, ... N. Simon (Eds.), 2014 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium - Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2014 Postgraduate Colloquium (pp. 597-602). (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 1614). American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4895270

Effect of electrochemical oxidation on biodegradability and toxicity of batik industry wastewater. / Subramaniam, Devagi; Abdul Halim, Azhar.

2014 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium - Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2014 Postgraduate Colloquium. ed. / Zahari Ibrahim; Haja Maideen Kader Maideen; Nazlina Ibrahim; Nurul Huda Abd Karim; Taufik Yusof; Fatimah Abdul Razak; Nurulkamal Maseran; Rozida Mohd Khalid; Noor Baa'yah Ibrahim; Hasidah Mohd. Sidek; Mohd Salmi Md Noorani; Norbert Simon. American Institute of Physics Inc., 2014. p. 597-602 (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 1614).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Subramaniam, D & Abdul Halim, A 2014, Effect of electrochemical oxidation on biodegradability and toxicity of batik industry wastewater. in Z Ibrahim, HMK Maideen, N Ibrahim, NHA Karim, T Yusof, FA Razak, N Maseran, RM Khalid, NB Ibrahim, HM Sidek, MSM Noorani & N Simon (eds), 2014 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium - Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2014 Postgraduate Colloquium. AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 1614, American Institute of Physics Inc., pp. 597-602, 2014 Postgraduate Colloquium of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology, UKM FST 2014, Selangor, Malaysia, 9/4/14. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4895270
Subramaniam D, Abdul Halim A. Effect of electrochemical oxidation on biodegradability and toxicity of batik industry wastewater. In Ibrahim Z, Maideen HMK, Ibrahim N, Karim NHA, Yusof T, Razak FA, Maseran N, Khalid RM, Ibrahim NB, Sidek HM, Noorani MSM, Simon N, editors, 2014 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium - Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2014 Postgraduate Colloquium. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2014. p. 597-602. (AIP Conference Proceedings). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4895270
Subramaniam, Devagi ; Abdul Halim, Azhar. / Effect of electrochemical oxidation on biodegradability and toxicity of batik industry wastewater. 2014 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium - Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2014 Postgraduate Colloquium. editor / Zahari Ibrahim ; Haja Maideen Kader Maideen ; Nazlina Ibrahim ; Nurul Huda Abd Karim ; Taufik Yusof ; Fatimah Abdul Razak ; Nurulkamal Maseran ; Rozida Mohd Khalid ; Noor Baa'yah Ibrahim ; Hasidah Mohd. Sidek ; Mohd Salmi Md Noorani ; Norbert Simon. American Institute of Physics Inc., 2014. pp. 597-602 (AIP Conference Proceedings).
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