Effect of direct pretreatment using steam on the properties of oil palm empty fruit bunch

Zetty Aziz, Mohd Jahir Khan, Tan Pei Ling, Osman Hassan, Mohamad Yusof Maskat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The complex structure and existence of lignin hinder the hydrolysis of cellulose and hemicellulose in lignocellulosic biomass. This study was carried out to determine the properties of oil palm empty fruit bunch directly treated with steam without size reduction and acid/alkali treatments. The temperature and time of pre-treatment was varied and found that there was no significant difference in the production of glucose and xylose after Cellic CTec2 enzymatic hydrolysis. Furthermore, pre-treatment neither changed in the moisture content nor the pH values in oil palm empty fruit bunch; however, a small reduction in pH was observed due to the generation of acetic acid, formic acid and levulinic acid. Thus, pre-treatment of the samples yields higher cellulose and lesser lignin content.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalDer Pharma Chemica
Volume6
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

formic acid
Palm oil
Lignin
Steam
Fruits
Cellulose
Enzymatic hydrolysis
Alkalies
Acetic Acid
Hydrolysis
Biomass
Moisture
Acids
Temperature
xylose-glucose
hemicellulose
levulinic acid

Keywords

  • Cellic CTec2
  • Hydrolysis
  • Lignocellulose
  • Oil palm empty fruit bunch
  • Pre-treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

Effect of direct pretreatment using steam on the properties of oil palm empty fruit bunch. / Aziz, Zetty; Khan, Mohd Jahir; Ling, Tan Pei; Hassan, Osman; Maskat, Mohamad Yusof.

In: Der Pharma Chemica, Vol. 6, No. 5, 2014, p. 1-6.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Aziz, Zetty ; Khan, Mohd Jahir ; Ling, Tan Pei ; Hassan, Osman ; Maskat, Mohamad Yusof. / Effect of direct pretreatment using steam on the properties of oil palm empty fruit bunch. In: Der Pharma Chemica. 2014 ; Vol. 6, No. 5. pp. 1-6.
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