Effect of different types of microporous layer toward the performance of direct formic acid fuel cell

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Typical electrodes of anode and cathode are supported on macroporous backing layer with additional microporous carbon layer. The effect of the gas diffusion layer (GDL) on the cell performance in a direct formic acid fuel cell (DFAFC) has been characterized. The performance of DFAFC might be hindered by mass transfer limitation due to hydrophilicity properties of the formic acid. By measuring the contact angle and SEM photograph, the physicochemical and surface morphology of different types of GDL can be classified. Meanwhile, the effects of carbon materials such as carbon black, carbon nanofibre and carbon nanotube as a microporous layer on the backing layer of carbon paper were investigated on the basis of the characterization and the performance. From the results, it was obtained that CNF was a good material as microporous layer due to the properties of in plane conductivity, high current in cyclic voltammetry and also had smoother surface on the morphology test.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-45
Number of pages5
JournalJurnal Teknologi (Sciences and Engineering)
Volume65
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Formic acid fuel cells (FAFC)
Diffusion in gases
Carbon
Carbon nanofibers
Formic acid
Hydrophilicity
Carbon black
Cyclic voltammetry
Contact angle
Surface morphology
Carbon nanotubes
Anodes
Cathodes
Mass transfer
Scanning electron microscopy
Electrodes

Keywords

  • Anode electrode
  • DFAFC
  • Gas diffusion layer
  • Microporous layer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

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title = "Effect of different types of microporous layer toward the performance of direct formic acid fuel cell",
abstract = "Typical electrodes of anode and cathode are supported on macroporous backing layer with additional microporous carbon layer. The effect of the gas diffusion layer (GDL) on the cell performance in a direct formic acid fuel cell (DFAFC) has been characterized. The performance of DFAFC might be hindered by mass transfer limitation due to hydrophilicity properties of the formic acid. By measuring the contact angle and SEM photograph, the physicochemical and surface morphology of different types of GDL can be classified. Meanwhile, the effects of carbon materials such as carbon black, carbon nanofibre and carbon nanotube as a microporous layer on the backing layer of carbon paper were investigated on the basis of the characterization and the performance. From the results, it was obtained that CNF was a good material as microporous layer due to the properties of in plane conductivity, high current in cyclic voltammetry and also had smoother surface on the morphology test.",
keywords = "Anode electrode, DFAFC, Gas diffusion layer, Microporous layer",
author = "{Mohamed Aslam}, Norraihanah and {Mastar @ Masdar}, {Mohd Shahbudin} and Kamarudin, {Siti Kartom}",
year = "2013",
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T1 - Effect of different types of microporous layer toward the performance of direct formic acid fuel cell

AU - Mohamed Aslam, Norraihanah

AU - Mastar @ Masdar, Mohd Shahbudin

AU - Kamarudin, Siti Kartom

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Typical electrodes of anode and cathode are supported on macroporous backing layer with additional microporous carbon layer. The effect of the gas diffusion layer (GDL) on the cell performance in a direct formic acid fuel cell (DFAFC) has been characterized. The performance of DFAFC might be hindered by mass transfer limitation due to hydrophilicity properties of the formic acid. By measuring the contact angle and SEM photograph, the physicochemical and surface morphology of different types of GDL can be classified. Meanwhile, the effects of carbon materials such as carbon black, carbon nanofibre and carbon nanotube as a microporous layer on the backing layer of carbon paper were investigated on the basis of the characterization and the performance. From the results, it was obtained that CNF was a good material as microporous layer due to the properties of in plane conductivity, high current in cyclic voltammetry and also had smoother surface on the morphology test.

AB - Typical electrodes of anode and cathode are supported on macroporous backing layer with additional microporous carbon layer. The effect of the gas diffusion layer (GDL) on the cell performance in a direct formic acid fuel cell (DFAFC) has been characterized. The performance of DFAFC might be hindered by mass transfer limitation due to hydrophilicity properties of the formic acid. By measuring the contact angle and SEM photograph, the physicochemical and surface morphology of different types of GDL can be classified. Meanwhile, the effects of carbon materials such as carbon black, carbon nanofibre and carbon nanotube as a microporous layer on the backing layer of carbon paper were investigated on the basis of the characterization and the performance. From the results, it was obtained that CNF was a good material as microporous layer due to the properties of in plane conductivity, high current in cyclic voltammetry and also had smoother surface on the morphology test.

KW - Anode electrode

KW - DFAFC

KW - Gas diffusion layer

KW - Microporous layer

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