Kesan Kaedah Pensterilan Yang Berbeza Terhadap Minyak Yang Diekstrak Daripada Buah Kelapa Sawit

Translated title of the contribution: Effect of different sterilization methods on the extracted oil from oil palm fruit

Hasimah Kasmin, Roila Awang, Mohamad Azwani Shah Mat Lazim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sterilization is important process during the processing of oil palm fruits in order to produce crude palm oil (CPO). This process can be carried out using steam (conventional method), dry heating or wet heating method. In this study, the effectiveness of the dry heating and wet heating method for sterilization and solvent extraction were carried out. The sterilization time of these two methods were varied at 30, 60 and 90 min in order to determine their effectiveness on the oil extraction and their quality. Results showed that, at 30 min of sterilization, the wet heating produced a higher percentage of oil extraction compared to the conventional and dry heating, with average of 27.65%, 19.01% and 20.21% respectively. In comparison with the conventional method, both sterilization methods gave better FFA and DOBI results. This can be seen where the average of free fatty acid (FFA) content for proposed sterilization method was between 0.37% to 0.93% while, average deterioration of bleachability index (DOBI) was from 4.89 to 6.12. The average carotene content was in agreement with the conventional method at a range of 644.64 ppm to 764.80 ppm.

Original languageMalay
Pages (from-to)244-250
Number of pages7
JournalMalaysian Journal of Analytical Sciences
Volume19
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Fingerprint

Palm oil
Fruits
Oils
Heating
Nonesterified Fatty Acids
Deterioration
Steam
Solvent extraction
Carotenoids
Processing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry

Cite this

Kesan Kaedah Pensterilan Yang Berbeza Terhadap Minyak Yang Diekstrak Daripada Buah Kelapa Sawit. / Kasmin, Hasimah; Awang, Roila; Mat Lazim, Mohamad Azwani Shah.

In: Malaysian Journal of Analytical Sciences, Vol. 19, No. 1, 2015, p. 244-250.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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