Effect of demographic variables on public attitudes towards genetically modified insulin

Latifah Amin, Zinatul Ashiqin Zainol, Jamaluddin Md Jahi, Abd Rahim Md Nor, Mohamad Osman, Nor Muhammad Mahadi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Earlier studies on public attitude and risk perception have concluded that the public's attitudes towards biotechnology was primarily driven by several factors such as familiarity, perceived benefits, perceived risks, risk acceptance, moral concerns and encouragement. Demographic characteristics have been known to affect attitudes towards science. The purpose of this paper is to compare the attitude of the Malaysian public towards genetically modified (GM) insulin across several background variables such as religion, race, education level and age. A survey was carried out on 1017 respondents stratified according to various stakeholder groups in the Klang Valley region. Analyses of Variance (ANOVAs) showed significant differences in the mean scores for familiarity of GM insulin across religions, races and ages but not across education levels and gender. Both perceived benefits and perceived risks were found to differ across races, education levels and gender but not across religions and ages. On the other hand, moral concern was found to differ in all four background variables except gender while risk acceptance differed across races and gender and encouragement only differed across education levels. In conclusion, background variables do have a significant effect on some of the dimensions of Malaysians' attitudes towards modern biotechnology. The research findings will be useful for understanding the effect of background variables on public attitudes towards the application of gene technology in medicine. More in-depth empirical studies should be carried out to understand the underlying causes behind the differences.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12425-12434
Number of pages10
JournalAfrican Journal of Biotechnology
Volume10
Issue number58
Publication statusPublished - 30 Sep 2011

Fingerprint

public opinion
educational status
religion
risk perception
insulin
demographic statistics
Demography
Insulin
gender
Religion
biotechnology
Education
Biotechnology
sociodemographic characteristics
stakeholders
medicine
valleys
analysis of variance
Analysis of Variance
Medicine

Keywords

  • Attitude
  • Background variables
  • Gene technology
  • GM (genetically modified) insulin
  • Malaysia
  • Medicine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Genetics
  • Molecular Biology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science

Cite this

Effect of demographic variables on public attitudes towards genetically modified insulin. / Amin, Latifah; Zainol, Zinatul Ashiqin; Jahi, Jamaluddin Md; Nor, Abd Rahim Md; Osman, Mohamad; Mahadi, Nor Muhammad.

In: African Journal of Biotechnology, Vol. 10, No. 58, 30.09.2011, p. 12425-12434.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Amin, Latifah ; Zainol, Zinatul Ashiqin ; Jahi, Jamaluddin Md ; Nor, Abd Rahim Md ; Osman, Mohamad ; Mahadi, Nor Muhammad. / Effect of demographic variables on public attitudes towards genetically modified insulin. In: African Journal of Biotechnology. 2011 ; Vol. 10, No. 58. pp. 12425-12434.
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