Effect of cellulose fiber loading on the properties of starch-based films

Norzita Yacob, Mohd Reusmaazran Yusof, Ainun Zuriyati Mohamed, Khairiah Badri

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Sago starch is a seasonal based plantation and widely found in Asia country. Its application mainly in cooking such as biscuits and as a thickener in jellies. To further utilize its application, bioplastic from sago starch was developed. Due to its highly hydrophilic characteristic and poor mechanical properties, the addition of cellulose fibers extracted from sago waste was studied and presented in this paper. The films were prepared by solution casting and their characterizations were carried out in term of tensile properties, X-ray diffractograms, thermogravimetric analysis, wettability and water absorption behavior. The incorporation of cellulose fibers has successfully increased the properties of the sago starch films. The tensile strength and Young's modulus increased significantly with the increase of cellulose fibers content while the elongation decreased. Thermal stability improved with the introduction of cellulose fibers. XRD patterns confirm the presence of cellulose fibers in sago starch film.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2018 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2018 Postgraduate Colloquium
EditorsNoor Hayati Ahmad Rasol, Kamarulzaman Ibrahim, Siti Aishah Hasbullah, Mohammad Hafizuddin Hj. Jumali, Nazlina Ibrahim, Marlia Mohd Hanafiah, Mohd Talib Latif
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9780735418431
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 27 Jun 2019
Event2018 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium - Selangor, Malaysia
Duration: 4 Apr 20186 Apr 2018

Publication series

NameAIP Conference Proceedings
Volume2111
ISSN (Print)0094-243X
ISSN (Electronic)1551-7616

Conference

Conference2018 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium
CountryMalaysia
CitySelangor
Period4/4/186/4/18

Fingerprint

sago
cellulosic fibers
starches
cellulose
films (materials)
starch
fibers
thermogravimetry
wettability
jellies
biscuits
Young modulus
tensile properties
tensile strength
thermal stability
fiber content
modulus of elasticity
elongation
mechanical properties
cooking

Keywords

  • cellulose
  • crystallinity
  • reinforcing fillers
  • Starch films
  • tensile
  • thermal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Ecology
  • Plant Science
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation

Cite this

Yacob, N., Yusof, M. R., Mohamed, A. Z., & Badri, K. (2019). Effect of cellulose fiber loading on the properties of starch-based films. In N. H. A. Rasol, K. Ibrahim, S. A. Hasbullah, M. H. H. Jumali, N. Ibrahim, M. M. Hanafiah, & M. T. Latif (Eds.), 2018 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2018 Postgraduate Colloquium [050009] (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 2111). American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5111257

Effect of cellulose fiber loading on the properties of starch-based films. / Yacob, Norzita; Yusof, Mohd Reusmaazran; Mohamed, Ainun Zuriyati; Badri, Khairiah.

2018 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2018 Postgraduate Colloquium. ed. / Noor Hayati Ahmad Rasol; Kamarulzaman Ibrahim; Siti Aishah Hasbullah; Mohammad Hafizuddin Hj. Jumali; Nazlina Ibrahim; Marlia Mohd Hanafiah; Mohd Talib Latif. American Institute of Physics Inc., 2019. 050009 (AIP Conference Proceedings; Vol. 2111).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Yacob, N, Yusof, MR, Mohamed, AZ & Badri, K 2019, Effect of cellulose fiber loading on the properties of starch-based films. in NHA Rasol, K Ibrahim, SA Hasbullah, MHH Jumali, N Ibrahim, MM Hanafiah & MT Latif (eds), 2018 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2018 Postgraduate Colloquium., 050009, AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 2111, American Institute of Physics Inc., 2018 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium, Selangor, Malaysia, 4/4/18. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5111257
Yacob N, Yusof MR, Mohamed AZ, Badri K. Effect of cellulose fiber loading on the properties of starch-based films. In Rasol NHA, Ibrahim K, Hasbullah SA, Jumali MHH, Ibrahim N, Hanafiah MM, Latif MT, editors, 2018 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2018 Postgraduate Colloquium. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2019. 050009. (AIP Conference Proceedings). https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5111257
Yacob, Norzita ; Yusof, Mohd Reusmaazran ; Mohamed, Ainun Zuriyati ; Badri, Khairiah. / Effect of cellulose fiber loading on the properties of starch-based films. 2018 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2018 Postgraduate Colloquium. editor / Noor Hayati Ahmad Rasol ; Kamarulzaman Ibrahim ; Siti Aishah Hasbullah ; Mohammad Hafizuddin Hj. Jumali ; Nazlina Ibrahim ; Marlia Mohd Hanafiah ; Mohd Talib Latif. American Institute of Physics Inc., 2019. (AIP Conference Proceedings).
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