Effect of calcination temperature on the application of sodium zirconate solid base catalyst for biodiesel production from Jatropha curcas oil

Thushara Kandaramath Hari, Zahira Yaakob

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Influence of catalyst calcination temperature on the catalyst characteristics and catalytic transesterification of Jatropha curcas oil for biodiesel production was studied by using sodium zirconate (Na2ZrO3) solid base catalyst. Na2ZrO3 catalysts were prepared by impregnation method followed by calcination at temperatures of 700, 800, and 900°C. The prepared catalysts were characterized by X-ray diffraction analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and field emission scanning electron microscopy. Important parameters influencing the catalytic activity and fatty acid methyl ester yield were investigated. It was found that the increase in calcination temperature showed marked increase in activity due to the increased porosity and presence of tetragonal zirconia. Investigation of the reusability of the catalysts showed that the catalytic activity was retained even after five cycles of reaction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1163-1171
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Green Energy
Volume14
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Nov 2017

Fingerprint

Biodiesel
Calcination
Sodium
Catalysts
Temperature
Catalyst activity
Transesterification
Reusability
Fatty acids
Impregnation
Zirconia
Field emission
X ray diffraction analysis
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy
Oils
Esters
Porosity
Scanning electron microscopy

Keywords

  • Biodiesel
  • calcination temperature
  • Jatropha curcas oil
  • sodium zirconate
  • transesterification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this

Effect of calcination temperature on the application of sodium zirconate solid base catalyst for biodiesel production from Jatropha curcas oil. / Kandaramath Hari, Thushara; Yaakob, Zahira.

In: International Journal of Green Energy, Vol. 14, No. 14, 14.11.2017, p. 1163-1171.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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