Effect of Aminosilane Modification on Nanocrystalline Cellulose Properties

Nurul Hanisah Mohd, Nur Farahein Hadina Ismail, Johan Iskandar Zahari, Wan Farahhanim Bt Wan Fathilah, Hanieh Kargarzadeh, Suria Ramli, Ishak Ahmad, Mohd. Ambar Yarmo, Rizafizah Othaman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The application of renewable nanomaterials, like nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC), has recently been widely studied by many researchers. NCC has many benefits such as high aspect ratio, biodegradability, and high number of hydroxyl groups which offer great opportunities for modification. In this study, the NCC derived from empty fruit bunches (EFB) was modified with aminosilane, 3-(2-aminoethylamino)propyl-dimethoxymethylsilane (AEAPDMS), and the characterization was performed to investigate the potential as carbon dioxide (CO2) capture. Modification of NCC with AEAPDMS was carried out in water/ethanol solvent (80/20) (v/v) with a ratio of NCC to aminosilane of 1: 1, 1: 2, 1: 3, and 1: 4 w/w%. The effects of AEAPDMS on NCC were characterized using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, elemental analysis (CHNS), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The existence of AEAPDMS onto NCC was confirmed by ATR-FTIR spectroscopy as the new peaks of NH2 were bending and wagging, and Si-CH3 appeared. The thermal stability of NCC increased after modification due to the interaction with AEAPDMS. The elemental analysis result showed that the nitrogen content increased with an enhancement ratio of the modifiers. The XRD indicated that the crystallinity decreased while the rod-like geometry of NCC was maintained after amorphous AEAPDMS grafted on the NCC. Since AEAPDMS can be grafted on the NCC, the sample is applicable as CO2 capture.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4804271
JournalJournal of Nanomaterials
Volume2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Fingerprint

Cellulose
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy
Biodegradability
Fruits
Chemical analysis
Nanostructured materials
Carbon Dioxide
Hydroxyl Radical
X ray diffraction analysis
Thermogravimetric analysis
Aspect ratio
Carbon dioxide
Thermodynamic stability
Ethanol
Nitrogen
Transmission electron microscopy
X ray diffraction
Geometry
Water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Mohd, N. H., Ismail, N. F. H., Zahari, J. I., Wan Fathilah, W. F. B., Kargarzadeh, H., Ramli, S., ... Othaman, R. (2016). Effect of Aminosilane Modification on Nanocrystalline Cellulose Properties. Journal of Nanomaterials, 2016, [4804271]. https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/4804271

Effect of Aminosilane Modification on Nanocrystalline Cellulose Properties. / Mohd, Nurul Hanisah; Ismail, Nur Farahein Hadina; Zahari, Johan Iskandar; Wan Fathilah, Wan Farahhanim Bt; Kargarzadeh, Hanieh; Ramli, Suria; Ahmad, Ishak; Yarmo, Mohd. Ambar; Othaman, Rizafizah.

In: Journal of Nanomaterials, Vol. 2016, 4804271, 2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mohd, Nurul Hanisah ; Ismail, Nur Farahein Hadina ; Zahari, Johan Iskandar ; Wan Fathilah, Wan Farahhanim Bt ; Kargarzadeh, Hanieh ; Ramli, Suria ; Ahmad, Ishak ; Yarmo, Mohd. Ambar ; Othaman, Rizafizah. / Effect of Aminosilane Modification on Nanocrystalline Cellulose Properties. In: Journal of Nanomaterials. 2016 ; Vol. 2016.
@article{c5afcf02d53c4574a06873df43830cea,
title = "Effect of Aminosilane Modification on Nanocrystalline Cellulose Properties",
abstract = "The application of renewable nanomaterials, like nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC), has recently been widely studied by many researchers. NCC has many benefits such as high aspect ratio, biodegradability, and high number of hydroxyl groups which offer great opportunities for modification. In this study, the NCC derived from empty fruit bunches (EFB) was modified with aminosilane, 3-(2-aminoethylamino)propyl-dimethoxymethylsilane (AEAPDMS), and the characterization was performed to investigate the potential as carbon dioxide (CO2) capture. Modification of NCC with AEAPDMS was carried out in water/ethanol solvent (80/20) (v/v) with a ratio of NCC to aminosilane of 1: 1, 1: 2, 1: 3, and 1: 4 w/w{\%}. The effects of AEAPDMS on NCC were characterized using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, elemental analysis (CHNS), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The existence of AEAPDMS onto NCC was confirmed by ATR-FTIR spectroscopy as the new peaks of NH2 were bending and wagging, and Si-CH3 appeared. The thermal stability of NCC increased after modification due to the interaction with AEAPDMS. The elemental analysis result showed that the nitrogen content increased with an enhancement ratio of the modifiers. The XRD indicated that the crystallinity decreased while the rod-like geometry of NCC was maintained after amorphous AEAPDMS grafted on the NCC. Since AEAPDMS can be grafted on the NCC, the sample is applicable as CO2 capture.",
author = "Mohd, {Nurul Hanisah} and Ismail, {Nur Farahein Hadina} and Zahari, {Johan Iskandar} and {Wan Fathilah}, {Wan Farahhanim Bt} and Hanieh Kargarzadeh and Suria Ramli and Ishak Ahmad and Yarmo, {Mohd. Ambar} and Rizafizah Othaman",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1155/2016/4804271",
language = "English",
volume = "2016",
journal = "Journal of Nanomaterials",
issn = "1687-4110",
publisher = "Hindawi Publishing Corporation",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of Aminosilane Modification on Nanocrystalline Cellulose Properties

AU - Mohd, Nurul Hanisah

AU - Ismail, Nur Farahein Hadina

AU - Zahari, Johan Iskandar

AU - Wan Fathilah, Wan Farahhanim Bt

AU - Kargarzadeh, Hanieh

AU - Ramli, Suria

AU - Ahmad, Ishak

AU - Yarmo, Mohd. Ambar

AU - Othaman, Rizafizah

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - The application of renewable nanomaterials, like nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC), has recently been widely studied by many researchers. NCC has many benefits such as high aspect ratio, biodegradability, and high number of hydroxyl groups which offer great opportunities for modification. In this study, the NCC derived from empty fruit bunches (EFB) was modified with aminosilane, 3-(2-aminoethylamino)propyl-dimethoxymethylsilane (AEAPDMS), and the characterization was performed to investigate the potential as carbon dioxide (CO2) capture. Modification of NCC with AEAPDMS was carried out in water/ethanol solvent (80/20) (v/v) with a ratio of NCC to aminosilane of 1: 1, 1: 2, 1: 3, and 1: 4 w/w%. The effects of AEAPDMS on NCC were characterized using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, elemental analysis (CHNS), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The existence of AEAPDMS onto NCC was confirmed by ATR-FTIR spectroscopy as the new peaks of NH2 were bending and wagging, and Si-CH3 appeared. The thermal stability of NCC increased after modification due to the interaction with AEAPDMS. The elemental analysis result showed that the nitrogen content increased with an enhancement ratio of the modifiers. The XRD indicated that the crystallinity decreased while the rod-like geometry of NCC was maintained after amorphous AEAPDMS grafted on the NCC. Since AEAPDMS can be grafted on the NCC, the sample is applicable as CO2 capture.

AB - The application of renewable nanomaterials, like nanocrystalline cellulose (NCC), has recently been widely studied by many researchers. NCC has many benefits such as high aspect ratio, biodegradability, and high number of hydroxyl groups which offer great opportunities for modification. In this study, the NCC derived from empty fruit bunches (EFB) was modified with aminosilane, 3-(2-aminoethylamino)propyl-dimethoxymethylsilane (AEAPDMS), and the characterization was performed to investigate the potential as carbon dioxide (CO2) capture. Modification of NCC with AEAPDMS was carried out in water/ethanol solvent (80/20) (v/v) with a ratio of NCC to aminosilane of 1: 1, 1: 2, 1: 3, and 1: 4 w/w%. The effects of AEAPDMS on NCC were characterized using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, elemental analysis (CHNS), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The existence of AEAPDMS onto NCC was confirmed by ATR-FTIR spectroscopy as the new peaks of NH2 were bending and wagging, and Si-CH3 appeared. The thermal stability of NCC increased after modification due to the interaction with AEAPDMS. The elemental analysis result showed that the nitrogen content increased with an enhancement ratio of the modifiers. The XRD indicated that the crystallinity decreased while the rod-like geometry of NCC was maintained after amorphous AEAPDMS grafted on the NCC. Since AEAPDMS can be grafted on the NCC, the sample is applicable as CO2 capture.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84991338105&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84991338105&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1155/2016/4804271

DO - 10.1155/2016/4804271

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84991338105

VL - 2016

JO - Journal of Nanomaterials

JF - Journal of Nanomaterials

SN - 1687-4110

M1 - 4804271

ER -