Effect for hydrogen, nitrogen, phosphorous, and argon ions irradiation on ZnO NWs

A. Ishaq, M. Usman, Chang Fu Dee, A. A. Khurram, L. Yan, X. T. Zhou, A. Nadeem, S. Naseem, H. M. Rafique, Burhanuddin Yeop Majlis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanowires (NWs) are exposed to energetic proton (H +), nitrogen (N+), phosphorus (P+), and argon (Ar+) ions to understand the radiation hardness and structural changes induced by these irradiations. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy is utilized to see the irradiation effects in NWs. Multiple doses and energies of radiation at different temperatures are used for different set of samples. The study reveals that wurtzite (crystalline)-structured ZnO NWs experience amorphization, degradation, and morphological changes after the irradiation. At room temperature, deterioration of the crystalline structure is observed under high fluence of H+, N+, and P+ ions. While for ZnO NWs, bombarded by Ar+ and P+ ions, nano-holes are produced. The ZnO NWs surfaces also show corrugated morphology full of nano-humps when irradiated by Ar+ ions at 400 C. The corrugated surface could serve as tight-holding interface when interconnecting it with other NWs/nanotubes. These nano-humps may have the function of increasing the surface for surface-oriented sensing applications in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1467
JournalJournal of Nanoparticle Research
Volume15
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Zinc Oxide
nitrogen ions
Argon
Nanowires
hydrogen ions
Ion bombardment
Zinc oxide
ion irradiation
Irradiation
zinc oxides
Nitrogen
Hydrogen
nanowires
argon
Ions
ions
irradiation
Radiation
Crystalline materials
Amorphization

Keywords

  • Amorphization
  • Ion irradiation
  • Nano-holes
  • Nano-humps
  • ZnO nanowires

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Bioengineering

Cite this

Effect for hydrogen, nitrogen, phosphorous, and argon ions irradiation on ZnO NWs. / Ishaq, A.; Usman, M.; Dee, Chang Fu; Khurram, A. A.; Yan, L.; Zhou, X. T.; Nadeem, A.; Naseem, S.; Rafique, H. M.; Yeop Majlis, Burhanuddin.

In: Journal of Nanoparticle Research, Vol. 15, No. 4, 1467, 2013.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ishaq, A. ; Usman, M. ; Dee, Chang Fu ; Khurram, A. A. ; Yan, L. ; Zhou, X. T. ; Nadeem, A. ; Naseem, S. ; Rafique, H. M. ; Yeop Majlis, Burhanuddin. / Effect for hydrogen, nitrogen, phosphorous, and argon ions irradiation on ZnO NWs. In: Journal of Nanoparticle Research. 2013 ; Vol. 15, No. 4.
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AU - Dee, Chang Fu

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AU - Yan, L.

AU - Zhou, X. T.

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