Edible Bird’s Nest: Physicochemical Properties, Production, and Application of Bioactive Extracts and Glycopeptides

Nur‘Aliah Daud, Salma Mohamad Yusop, Abdul Salam Babji, Seng Joe Lim, Shahrul Razid Sarbini, Tan Hui Yan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Edible bird’s nest (EBN), the swiftlet’s nest, has been consumed for centuries as a tonic or health food. The information upon the usage and benefits of the EBN are largely based on historical and observational reports since its discovery, until some were proven scientifically at recent times. Studies have been conducted on the major components of the EBN, i.e. glycoprotein, in attempts to elucidate the roles of the glycoprotein in terms of functionality toward health improvement. This article presents a review of the physicochemical and nutritional composition of EBN from different harvested locations and its functional properties. The conversion of EBN glycoproteins to glycopeptides via suitable hydrolysis methods to produce bioactive EBN glycopeptides was demonstrated, and it showed improvements in the functionality and nutritional values of EBN. Some applications of EBN glycopeptides into the new development of food and beverage products showed positive results, implicated to the bioavailability of the EBN glycopeptides. The combined information in this review will benefit the scientific communities, EBN manufacturers, and nutraceutical industries.

Original languageEnglish
JournalFood Reviews International
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 1 Jan 2019

Fingerprint

glycopeptides
Glycopeptides
Birds
physicochemical properties
extracts
Glycoproteins
glycoproteins
edible bird's nests
Health
Food and Beverages
health foods
Beverages
Apodidae
Nutritive Value
Dietary Supplements
functional foods
beverages
Biological Availability
functional properties
bioavailability

Keywords

  • bioactive glycopeptide
  • Edible nest
  • functional food
  • nutritional value

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Edible Bird’s Nest : Physicochemical Properties, Production, and Application of Bioactive Extracts and Glycopeptides. / Daud, Nur‘Aliah; Mohamad Yusop, Salma; Babji, Abdul Salam; Lim, Seng Joe; Sarbini, Shahrul Razid; Hui Yan, Tan.

In: Food Reviews International, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Daud, Nur‘Aliah ; Mohamad Yusop, Salma ; Babji, Abdul Salam ; Lim, Seng Joe ; Sarbini, Shahrul Razid ; Hui Yan, Tan. / Edible Bird’s Nest : Physicochemical Properties, Production, and Application of Bioactive Extracts and Glycopeptides. In: Food Reviews International. 2019.
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