Edge integrity in malay multiple prefixes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This paper discusses the blocking of nasal substitution at prefix-prefix boundary in Malay multiple prefixation. It has widely been observed that nasal substitution is the regular solution to resolve nasal-voiceless obstruent clusters in the language. Observation from the DBP-UKM (The Institute of Language and Literature-National University of Malaysia) coipus shows that the clusters are resolved by nasal substitution in nominal multiple prefixes only, as in paij+par+kaja+an -→ [pa.mar.ka.ja.?an] 'enrichment'. It is however blocked in verbal multiple prefixes, as in ni9ij+p9r+kuat+kaii' → [mdm.p9r.ku.wat.kan] 'to cause to be strong'. In previous Malay studies, the non-application of nasal substitution in verbal multiple prefixes is often considered as exceptional. In this paper. I argue that the occurrence of nasal and voiceless obstruent clusters is not an exceptional case. I propose that Malay has co-existent co-phonology, i.e. different constraint rankings for different morphological categories which mean that *NC is obeyed in nominal prefixes but not in verbal prefixes. The violation of *NC is due to a morphologically conditioned phonology constraint i.e. edge integrity that requires the integrity of the morphological constituent. By applying co-phonology. I shall show that both nominal and verbal multiple prefixes have the same set of constraints, but that they are differently ranked in the hierarchy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)485-509
Number of pages25
JournalLanguage and Linguistics
Volume14
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

substitution
integrity
phonology
language
Malaysia
ranking
cause
Integrity
Prefix
Nasal
Substitution
Phonology

Keywords

  • Edge integrity
  • Morphologically conditioned phonology
  • Nasal substitution
  • Nasal-final prefixes
  • Optimality theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language

Cite this

Edge integrity in malay multiple prefixes. / Syed Jaafar, Sharifah Raihan.

In: Language and Linguistics, Vol. 14, No. 3, 2013, p. 485-509.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{3738c477525046219329ceab26ae0b70,
title = "Edge integrity in malay multiple prefixes",
abstract = "This paper discusses the blocking of nasal substitution at prefix-prefix boundary in Malay multiple prefixation. It has widely been observed that nasal substitution is the regular solution to resolve nasal-voiceless obstruent clusters in the language. Observation from the DBP-UKM (The Institute of Language and Literature-National University of Malaysia) coipus shows that the clusters are resolved by nasal substitution in nominal multiple prefixes only, as in paij+par+kaja+an -→ [pa.mar.ka.ja.?an] 'enrichment'. It is however blocked in verbal multiple prefixes, as in ni9ij+p9r+kuat+kaii' → [mdm.p9r.ku.wat.kan] 'to cause to be strong'. In previous Malay studies, the non-application of nasal substitution in verbal multiple prefixes is often considered as exceptional. In this paper. I argue that the occurrence of nasal and voiceless obstruent clusters is not an exceptional case. I propose that Malay has co-existent co-phonology, i.e. different constraint rankings for different morphological categories which mean that *NC is obeyed in nominal prefixes but not in verbal prefixes. The violation of *NC is due to a morphologically conditioned phonology constraint i.e. edge integrity that requires the integrity of the morphological constituent. By applying co-phonology. I shall show that both nominal and verbal multiple prefixes have the same set of constraints, but that they are differently ranked in the hierarchy.",
keywords = "Edge integrity, Morphologically conditioned phonology, Nasal substitution, Nasal-final prefixes, Optimality theory",
author = "{Syed Jaafar}, {Sharifah Raihan}",
year = "2013",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
pages = "485--509",
journal = "Language and Linguistics",
issn = "1606-822X",
publisher = "Academia Sinica, Institute of Linguistics",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Edge integrity in malay multiple prefixes

AU - Syed Jaafar, Sharifah Raihan

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - This paper discusses the blocking of nasal substitution at prefix-prefix boundary in Malay multiple prefixation. It has widely been observed that nasal substitution is the regular solution to resolve nasal-voiceless obstruent clusters in the language. Observation from the DBP-UKM (The Institute of Language and Literature-National University of Malaysia) coipus shows that the clusters are resolved by nasal substitution in nominal multiple prefixes only, as in paij+par+kaja+an -→ [pa.mar.ka.ja.?an] 'enrichment'. It is however blocked in verbal multiple prefixes, as in ni9ij+p9r+kuat+kaii' → [mdm.p9r.ku.wat.kan] 'to cause to be strong'. In previous Malay studies, the non-application of nasal substitution in verbal multiple prefixes is often considered as exceptional. In this paper. I argue that the occurrence of nasal and voiceless obstruent clusters is not an exceptional case. I propose that Malay has co-existent co-phonology, i.e. different constraint rankings for different morphological categories which mean that *NC is obeyed in nominal prefixes but not in verbal prefixes. The violation of *NC is due to a morphologically conditioned phonology constraint i.e. edge integrity that requires the integrity of the morphological constituent. By applying co-phonology. I shall show that both nominal and verbal multiple prefixes have the same set of constraints, but that they are differently ranked in the hierarchy.

AB - This paper discusses the blocking of nasal substitution at prefix-prefix boundary in Malay multiple prefixation. It has widely been observed that nasal substitution is the regular solution to resolve nasal-voiceless obstruent clusters in the language. Observation from the DBP-UKM (The Institute of Language and Literature-National University of Malaysia) coipus shows that the clusters are resolved by nasal substitution in nominal multiple prefixes only, as in paij+par+kaja+an -→ [pa.mar.ka.ja.?an] 'enrichment'. It is however blocked in verbal multiple prefixes, as in ni9ij+p9r+kuat+kaii' → [mdm.p9r.ku.wat.kan] 'to cause to be strong'. In previous Malay studies, the non-application of nasal substitution in verbal multiple prefixes is often considered as exceptional. In this paper. I argue that the occurrence of nasal and voiceless obstruent clusters is not an exceptional case. I propose that Malay has co-existent co-phonology, i.e. different constraint rankings for different morphological categories which mean that *NC is obeyed in nominal prefixes but not in verbal prefixes. The violation of *NC is due to a morphologically conditioned phonology constraint i.e. edge integrity that requires the integrity of the morphological constituent. By applying co-phonology. I shall show that both nominal and verbal multiple prefixes have the same set of constraints, but that they are differently ranked in the hierarchy.

KW - Edge integrity

KW - Morphologically conditioned phonology

KW - Nasal substitution

KW - Nasal-final prefixes

KW - Optimality theory

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84881046590&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84881046590&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84881046590

VL - 14

SP - 485

EP - 509

JO - Language and Linguistics

JF - Language and Linguistics

SN - 1606-822X

IS - 3

ER -