Dye-sensitised solar cells: Development, structure, operation principles, electron kinetics, characterisation, synthesis materials and natural photosensitisers

Mahmoud A M Al-Alwani, Abu Bakar Mohamad, Norasikin Ahmad Ludin, Abdul Amir H. Kadhum, Kamaruzzaman Sopian

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

68 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The energy economy is highly dependent on oil, coal and natural gas, which constitute 37%, 27% and 20% of energy usage, respectively. However, the reserves of fossil fuels (e.g., crude oil) are limited and could run out in approximately 40 years based on a daily consumption of 82.5 million barrels and the current reserves to production (R/P) ratio. Solar energy is the source of nearly all energy on Earth. Of all renewable power sources, solar energy is the most easily exploitable, inexhaustible, quiet, and adaptable to different applications. Photovoltaic cells (PVCs) are devices that directly convert sunlight into electricity without pollution, sound, or moving parts, which makes them long-lasting and dependable. PVCs use an elegant method to take advantage of sunlight. Solar cells offer one of the most promising and environmentally friendly methods for producing electricity. This paper reviews the emergence, principles, electron kinetics and components of PVCs with a focus on the molecular engineering of several metal complexes, organic dyes and natural dyes that are used as photosensitisers in dye-sensitised solar cells (DSSCs).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-213
Number of pages31
JournalRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Volume65
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2016

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Photosensitizers
Photovoltaic cells
Reserves to production ratio
Solar energy
Kinetics
Electrons
Electricity
Dyes
Coal gas
Metal complexes
Fossil fuels
Natural gas
Solar cells
Pollution
Crude oil
Earth (planet)
Acoustic waves
Dye-sensitized solar cells

Keywords

  • Components
  • Dye-sensitised solar cell
  • Metal complexes
  • Natural dyes
  • Photosensitisers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this

Dye-sensitised solar cells : Development, structure, operation principles, electron kinetics, characterisation, synthesis materials and natural photosensitisers. / Al-Alwani, Mahmoud A M; Mohamad, Abu Bakar; Ahmad Ludin, Norasikin; Kadhum, Abdul Amir H.; Sopian, Kamaruzzaman.

In: Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 65, 01.11.2016, p. 183-213.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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