Drop weight impact analysis of laminated polyurethane foam/cloisite 30B clay

Firuz Zainuddin, Hazizan Md Akil, Sahrim Ahmad, Rozaidi Rasid, Syed Nuzul Fadzli Syed Adam

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Laminated polyurethane foam composite was produced by incorporating Cloisite 30B clay as filler and aluminium sheet as the skin. Initially, PU foams were synthesized with reaction of natural oil polyol and isocyanate with ratio of 1:1.1 by weight. Water was used as the blowing agent and appropriate surfactant and catalyst were added to ensure better performance of end product. Cloisite 30B was added as filler and the percentages were varied from 1 to 5 wt%. Al skin was attached at the top and bottom of the foam to increase the stiffness of the composite and improve its mechanical properties. In order to evaluate its impact characteristic, drop weight impact test was done and the drop height was varied from 5 cm to 20 cm. The results showed that there was no pattern that exists in the impact force, but found the results for the control PU foam (PU foam without filler) has a high impact force values at 5cm, 10 cm and 15 cm drop heights. The incorporation of clay particles were found to give lower impact force to the sample, especially at low filler percentage of 1%. It was found that the addition of clay particles has decrease the impact force of PU foam due to brittleness. Besides, the impact force of the laminated composite is higher than PU foam at the same drop height. For laminated composite at 10 cm, the impact force is higher with an average value of 817% as compared to PU foam. This shows that the addition of Al sheets have improved mechanical characteristics of foam and its ability to withstand higher impact force.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationKey Engineering Materials
Pages1089-1093
Number of pages5
Volume594-595
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Event2013 International Conference on Advanced Materials Engineering and Technology, ICAMET 2013 - Bandung
Duration: 28 Nov 201329 Nov 2013

Publication series

NameKey Engineering Materials
Volume594-595
ISSN (Print)10139826

Other

Other2013 International Conference on Advanced Materials Engineering and Technology, ICAMET 2013
CityBandung
Period28/11/1329/11/13

Fingerprint

Polyurethanes
Foams
Clay
Fillers
Laminated composites
Skin
Foam control
Isocyanates
Aluminum sheet
Blowing agents
Composite materials
Brittleness
clay
polyurethane foam
Polyols
Surface-Active Agents
Oils
Stiffness
Surface active agents
Mechanical properties

Keywords

  • Clay
  • Drop weight impact
  • Laminated composite
  • Polyurethane foam

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Zainuddin, F., Akil, H. M., Ahmad, S., Rasid, R., & Adam, S. N. F. S. (2014). Drop weight impact analysis of laminated polyurethane foam/cloisite 30B clay. In Key Engineering Materials (Vol. 594-595, pp. 1089-1093). (Key Engineering Materials; Vol. 594-595). https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.594-595.1089

Drop weight impact analysis of laminated polyurethane foam/cloisite 30B clay. / Zainuddin, Firuz; Akil, Hazizan Md; Ahmad, Sahrim; Rasid, Rozaidi; Adam, Syed Nuzul Fadzli Syed.

Key Engineering Materials. Vol. 594-595 2014. p. 1089-1093 (Key Engineering Materials; Vol. 594-595).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Zainuddin, F, Akil, HM, Ahmad, S, Rasid, R & Adam, SNFS 2014, Drop weight impact analysis of laminated polyurethane foam/cloisite 30B clay. in Key Engineering Materials. vol. 594-595, Key Engineering Materials, vol. 594-595, pp. 1089-1093, 2013 International Conference on Advanced Materials Engineering and Technology, ICAMET 2013, Bandung, 28/11/13. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.594-595.1089
Zainuddin F, Akil HM, Ahmad S, Rasid R, Adam SNFS. Drop weight impact analysis of laminated polyurethane foam/cloisite 30B clay. In Key Engineering Materials. Vol. 594-595. 2014. p. 1089-1093. (Key Engineering Materials). https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/KEM.594-595.1089
Zainuddin, Firuz ; Akil, Hazizan Md ; Ahmad, Sahrim ; Rasid, Rozaidi ; Adam, Syed Nuzul Fadzli Syed. / Drop weight impact analysis of laminated polyurethane foam/cloisite 30B clay. Key Engineering Materials. Vol. 594-595 2014. pp. 1089-1093 (Key Engineering Materials).
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