Doping optimization of polypyrrole with toluenesulfonic acid using Box-Behnken design

Sarifah Fauziah Syed Draman, Rusli Daik, Said M. El-Sheikh, Famiza Abdul Latif

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

A three-level Box-Behnken design was employed in doping optimization of polypyrrole with toluenesulfonic acid (TSA-doped PPy). The material was synthesized via chemical oxidative polymerization using pyrrole, toluenesulfonic acid (TSA) and ammonium persulfate (APS) as monomer, dopant and oxidant, respectively. The critical factors selected for this study were concentration of dopant, molar ratio between dopant to monomer (pyrrole) and concentration of oxidant. Obtaining adequate doping level of TSA-doped PPy is crucial because it affects the charge carriers for doped PPy and usually be responsible for electronic mobility along polymeric chain. Furthermore, the doping level also affects other properties such as electrical and thermal conductivity. Doping level was calculated using elemental analysis. SEM images shows that the prepared TSA-doped PPy particles are spherical in shape with the diameters of about. The range of nanoparticles size is around 80-100 nm. The statistical analysis based on a Box-Behnken design showed that 0.01 mol of TSA, 1:1 mole ratio TSA to pyrrole and 0.25 M APS were the optimum conditions for sufficient doping level.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAIP Conference Proceedings
Pages782-788
Number of pages7
Volume1571
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Event2013 UKM Faculty of Science and Technology Post-Graduate Colloquium - Selangor
Duration: 3 Jul 20134 Jul 2013

Other

Other2013 UKM Faculty of Science and Technology Post-Graduate Colloquium
CitySelangor
Period3/7/134/7/13

Fingerprint

polypyrroles
boxes
acids
optimization
pyrroles
monomers
statistical analysis
charge carriers
thermal conductivity
polymerization
nanoparticles
electrical resistivity
scanning electron microscopy
electronics

Keywords

  • Elemental analysis
  • Nanoparticle
  • Oxidative polymerization
  • Pyrrole
  • Sulfonic acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Syed Draman, S. F., Daik, R., El-Sheikh, S. M., & Latif, F. A. (2013). Doping optimization of polypyrrole with toluenesulfonic acid using Box-Behnken design. In AIP Conference Proceedings (Vol. 1571, pp. 782-788) https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4858750

Doping optimization of polypyrrole with toluenesulfonic acid using Box-Behnken design. / Syed Draman, Sarifah Fauziah; Daik, Rusli; El-Sheikh, Said M.; Latif, Famiza Abdul.

AIP Conference Proceedings. Vol. 1571 2013. p. 782-788.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Syed Draman, SF, Daik, R, El-Sheikh, SM & Latif, FA 2013, Doping optimization of polypyrrole with toluenesulfonic acid using Box-Behnken design. in AIP Conference Proceedings. vol. 1571, pp. 782-788, 2013 UKM Faculty of Science and Technology Post-Graduate Colloquium, Selangor, 3/7/13. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4858750
Syed Draman SF, Daik R, El-Sheikh SM, Latif FA. Doping optimization of polypyrrole with toluenesulfonic acid using Box-Behnken design. In AIP Conference Proceedings. Vol. 1571. 2013. p. 782-788 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4858750
Syed Draman, Sarifah Fauziah ; Daik, Rusli ; El-Sheikh, Said M. ; Latif, Famiza Abdul. / Doping optimization of polypyrrole with toluenesulfonic acid using Box-Behnken design. AIP Conference Proceedings. Vol. 1571 2013. pp. 782-788
@inproceedings{b056c4ef3d854f37beadf087f49c9337,
title = "Doping optimization of polypyrrole with toluenesulfonic acid using Box-Behnken design",
abstract = "A three-level Box-Behnken design was employed in doping optimization of polypyrrole with toluenesulfonic acid (TSA-doped PPy). The material was synthesized via chemical oxidative polymerization using pyrrole, toluenesulfonic acid (TSA) and ammonium persulfate (APS) as monomer, dopant and oxidant, respectively. The critical factors selected for this study were concentration of dopant, molar ratio between dopant to monomer (pyrrole) and concentration of oxidant. Obtaining adequate doping level of TSA-doped PPy is crucial because it affects the charge carriers for doped PPy and usually be responsible for electronic mobility along polymeric chain. Furthermore, the doping level also affects other properties such as electrical and thermal conductivity. Doping level was calculated using elemental analysis. SEM images shows that the prepared TSA-doped PPy particles are spherical in shape with the diameters of about. The range of nanoparticles size is around 80-100 nm. The statistical analysis based on a Box-Behnken design showed that 0.01 mol of TSA, 1:1 mole ratio TSA to pyrrole and 0.25 M APS were the optimum conditions for sufficient doping level.",
keywords = "Elemental analysis, Nanoparticle, Oxidative polymerization, Pyrrole, Sulfonic acid",
author = "{Syed Draman}, {Sarifah Fauziah} and Rusli Daik and El-Sheikh, {Said M.} and Latif, {Famiza Abdul}",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.1063/1.4858750",
language = "English",
isbn = "9780735411999",
volume = "1571",
pages = "782--788",
booktitle = "AIP Conference Proceedings",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Doping optimization of polypyrrole with toluenesulfonic acid using Box-Behnken design

AU - Syed Draman, Sarifah Fauziah

AU - Daik, Rusli

AU - El-Sheikh, Said M.

AU - Latif, Famiza Abdul

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - A three-level Box-Behnken design was employed in doping optimization of polypyrrole with toluenesulfonic acid (TSA-doped PPy). The material was synthesized via chemical oxidative polymerization using pyrrole, toluenesulfonic acid (TSA) and ammonium persulfate (APS) as monomer, dopant and oxidant, respectively. The critical factors selected for this study were concentration of dopant, molar ratio between dopant to monomer (pyrrole) and concentration of oxidant. Obtaining adequate doping level of TSA-doped PPy is crucial because it affects the charge carriers for doped PPy and usually be responsible for electronic mobility along polymeric chain. Furthermore, the doping level also affects other properties such as electrical and thermal conductivity. Doping level was calculated using elemental analysis. SEM images shows that the prepared TSA-doped PPy particles are spherical in shape with the diameters of about. The range of nanoparticles size is around 80-100 nm. The statistical analysis based on a Box-Behnken design showed that 0.01 mol of TSA, 1:1 mole ratio TSA to pyrrole and 0.25 M APS were the optimum conditions for sufficient doping level.

AB - A three-level Box-Behnken design was employed in doping optimization of polypyrrole with toluenesulfonic acid (TSA-doped PPy). The material was synthesized via chemical oxidative polymerization using pyrrole, toluenesulfonic acid (TSA) and ammonium persulfate (APS) as monomer, dopant and oxidant, respectively. The critical factors selected for this study were concentration of dopant, molar ratio between dopant to monomer (pyrrole) and concentration of oxidant. Obtaining adequate doping level of TSA-doped PPy is crucial because it affects the charge carriers for doped PPy and usually be responsible for electronic mobility along polymeric chain. Furthermore, the doping level also affects other properties such as electrical and thermal conductivity. Doping level was calculated using elemental analysis. SEM images shows that the prepared TSA-doped PPy particles are spherical in shape with the diameters of about. The range of nanoparticles size is around 80-100 nm. The statistical analysis based on a Box-Behnken design showed that 0.01 mol of TSA, 1:1 mole ratio TSA to pyrrole and 0.25 M APS were the optimum conditions for sufficient doping level.

KW - Elemental analysis

KW - Nanoparticle

KW - Oxidative polymerization

KW - Pyrrole

KW - Sulfonic acid

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84897767507&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84897767507&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1063/1.4858750

DO - 10.1063/1.4858750

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:84897767507

SN - 9780735411999

VL - 1571

SP - 782

EP - 788

BT - AIP Conference Proceedings

ER -