DNA damage evaluation of hydroxyapatite on fibroblast cell L929 using the single cell gel electrophoresis assay.

N. F. Rajab, T. A. Yaakob, B. Y. Ong, M. Hamid, A. M. Ali, B. O. Annuar, S. H. Inayat-Hussain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Hydroxyapatite is the main component of the bone which is a potential biomaterial substance that can be applied in orthopaedics. In this study, the biocompatibility of this biomaterial was assessed using an in vitro technique. The cytotoxicity and genotoxicity effect of HA2 and HA3 against L929 fibroblast cell was evaluated using the MTT Assay and Alkaline Comet Assay respectively. Both HA2 and HA3 compound showed low cytotoxicity effect as determined using MTT Assay. Cells viability following 72 hours incubation at maximum concentration of both HA2 and HA3 (200 mg/ml) were 75.3 +/- 8.8% and 86.7 +/- 13.1% respectively. However, the cytotoxicity effect of ZnSO4.7H2O as a positive control showed an IC50 values of 46 mg/ml (160 microM). On the other hand, both HA2 and HA3 compound showed a slight genotoxicity effect as determined using the Alkaline Comet Assay following incubation at the concentration 200 mg/ml for 72 hours. This assay has been widely used in genetic toxicology to detect DNA strand breaks and alkali-labile site. The percentage of the cells with DNA damage for both substance was 27.7 +/- 1.3% and 15.6 +/- 1.0% for HA2 and HA3 respectively. Incubation of the cells for 24 hours with 38 microg/ml (IC25) of positive control showed an increase in percentage of cells with DNA damage (67.5 +/- 0.7%). In conclusion, our study indicated that both hydroxyapatite compounds showed a good biocompatibility in fibroblast cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)170-171
Number of pages2
JournalThe Medical journal of Malaysia
Volume59 Suppl B
Publication statusPublished - May 2004

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Comet Assay
Durapatite
DNA Damage
Fibroblasts
Biocompatible Materials
DNA Breaks
Alkalies
Toxicology
Inhibitory Concentration 50
Orthopedics
Cell Survival
Bone and Bones

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Rajab, N. F., Yaakob, T. A., Ong, B. Y., Hamid, M., Ali, A. M., Annuar, B. O., & Inayat-Hussain, S. H. (2004). DNA damage evaluation of hydroxyapatite on fibroblast cell L929 using the single cell gel electrophoresis assay. The Medical journal of Malaysia, 59 Suppl B, 170-171.

DNA damage evaluation of hydroxyapatite on fibroblast cell L929 using the single cell gel electrophoresis assay. / Rajab, N. F.; Yaakob, T. A.; Ong, B. Y.; Hamid, M.; Ali, A. M.; Annuar, B. O.; Inayat-Hussain, S. H.

In: The Medical journal of Malaysia, Vol. 59 Suppl B, 05.2004, p. 170-171.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rajab, NF, Yaakob, TA, Ong, BY, Hamid, M, Ali, AM, Annuar, BO & Inayat-Hussain, SH 2004, 'DNA damage evaluation of hydroxyapatite on fibroblast cell L929 using the single cell gel electrophoresis assay.', The Medical journal of Malaysia, vol. 59 Suppl B, pp. 170-171.
Rajab, N. F. ; Yaakob, T. A. ; Ong, B. Y. ; Hamid, M. ; Ali, A. M. ; Annuar, B. O. ; Inayat-Hussain, S. H. / DNA damage evaluation of hydroxyapatite on fibroblast cell L929 using the single cell gel electrophoresis assay. In: The Medical journal of Malaysia. 2004 ; Vol. 59 Suppl B. pp. 170-171.
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