Diversity of type i polyketide synthase genes in a bioactive Phoma sp. endophytic fungus isolated from Cinnamomum molissimum in Malaysia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Endophytic fungi are known as excellent producers of bioactive natural products. An endophytic Phoma sp. fungus isolated from the medicinal plant Cinnamomum molissimum in Malaysia was found to produce several polyketide compounds including 5-hydroxyramulosin, a potent antifungal and cytotoxic compound with unknown biosynthetic pathways. The diversity of type I polyketide synthase (PKS) genes in this fungus was evaluated with a PCR-based approach using eight degenerate primer pairs targeting the ketosynthase (KS) and ketosynthase-acyltransferase (KS-AT) interdomain. Following amplification, 11 distinct putative PKS gene fragments were cloned and sequenced. Phylogenetic analysis of the PKS amino acid sequences revealed the biosynthesis potential for a wide range of polyketide compounds, including reduced, partially reduced and non-reduced polyketides. The PKS genes identified include one for the synthesis of tetrahydroxynaphthalene, and two apparently novel genes which differ from presently known PKS genes. These results demonstrate that PKS genes in the endophytic bioactive Phoma sp. are diverse and this isolate has the genomic capacity for producing more than ten different polyketide compounds including possibly unique compounds. The degenerate PCR approach was found to be a valuable method for determining the diversity of PKS genes and could be used to screen fungi with potential for producing bioactive compounds.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1173-1182
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Pure and Applied Microbiology
Volume8
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Cinnamomum
Polyketide Synthases
Malaysia
Fungi
Polyketides
Genes
Acyltransferases
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Biosynthetic Pathways
Medicinal Plants
Biological Products
Amino Acid Sequence

Keywords

  • Cinnamomum mollissimum
  • Degenerate primers
  • Endophytic fungi
  • Natural products
  • Phoma sp.
  • PKS genes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Biotechnology
  • Microbiology

Cite this

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title = "Diversity of type i polyketide synthase genes in a bioactive Phoma sp. endophytic fungus isolated from Cinnamomum molissimum in Malaysia",
abstract = "Endophytic fungi are known as excellent producers of bioactive natural products. An endophytic Phoma sp. fungus isolated from the medicinal plant Cinnamomum molissimum in Malaysia was found to produce several polyketide compounds including 5-hydroxyramulosin, a potent antifungal and cytotoxic compound with unknown biosynthetic pathways. The diversity of type I polyketide synthase (PKS) genes in this fungus was evaluated with a PCR-based approach using eight degenerate primer pairs targeting the ketosynthase (KS) and ketosynthase-acyltransferase (KS-AT) interdomain. Following amplification, 11 distinct putative PKS gene fragments were cloned and sequenced. Phylogenetic analysis of the PKS amino acid sequences revealed the biosynthesis potential for a wide range of polyketide compounds, including reduced, partially reduced and non-reduced polyketides. The PKS genes identified include one for the synthesis of tetrahydroxynaphthalene, and two apparently novel genes which differ from presently known PKS genes. These results demonstrate that PKS genes in the endophytic bioactive Phoma sp. are diverse and this isolate has the genomic capacity for producing more than ten different polyketide compounds including possibly unique compounds. The degenerate PCR approach was found to be a valuable method for determining the diversity of PKS genes and could be used to screen fungi with potential for producing bioactive compounds.",
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N2 - Endophytic fungi are known as excellent producers of bioactive natural products. An endophytic Phoma sp. fungus isolated from the medicinal plant Cinnamomum molissimum in Malaysia was found to produce several polyketide compounds including 5-hydroxyramulosin, a potent antifungal and cytotoxic compound with unknown biosynthetic pathways. The diversity of type I polyketide synthase (PKS) genes in this fungus was evaluated with a PCR-based approach using eight degenerate primer pairs targeting the ketosynthase (KS) and ketosynthase-acyltransferase (KS-AT) interdomain. Following amplification, 11 distinct putative PKS gene fragments were cloned and sequenced. Phylogenetic analysis of the PKS amino acid sequences revealed the biosynthesis potential for a wide range of polyketide compounds, including reduced, partially reduced and non-reduced polyketides. The PKS genes identified include one for the synthesis of tetrahydroxynaphthalene, and two apparently novel genes which differ from presently known PKS genes. These results demonstrate that PKS genes in the endophytic bioactive Phoma sp. are diverse and this isolate has the genomic capacity for producing more than ten different polyketide compounds including possibly unique compounds. The degenerate PCR approach was found to be a valuable method for determining the diversity of PKS genes and could be used to screen fungi with potential for producing bioactive compounds.

AB - Endophytic fungi are known as excellent producers of bioactive natural products. An endophytic Phoma sp. fungus isolated from the medicinal plant Cinnamomum molissimum in Malaysia was found to produce several polyketide compounds including 5-hydroxyramulosin, a potent antifungal and cytotoxic compound with unknown biosynthetic pathways. The diversity of type I polyketide synthase (PKS) genes in this fungus was evaluated with a PCR-based approach using eight degenerate primer pairs targeting the ketosynthase (KS) and ketosynthase-acyltransferase (KS-AT) interdomain. Following amplification, 11 distinct putative PKS gene fragments were cloned and sequenced. Phylogenetic analysis of the PKS amino acid sequences revealed the biosynthesis potential for a wide range of polyketide compounds, including reduced, partially reduced and non-reduced polyketides. The PKS genes identified include one for the synthesis of tetrahydroxynaphthalene, and two apparently novel genes which differ from presently known PKS genes. These results demonstrate that PKS genes in the endophytic bioactive Phoma sp. are diverse and this isolate has the genomic capacity for producing more than ten different polyketide compounds including possibly unique compounds. The degenerate PCR approach was found to be a valuable method for determining the diversity of PKS genes and could be used to screen fungi with potential for producing bioactive compounds.

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