Discovering Trends of Agricultural Drought in Tihama Plain, Yemen: A Preliminary Assessment

Ali Ahmed Dhaif Allah, Noorazuan Md. Hashim, Azahan Awang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Agricultural drought is characterized by lack of sufficient moisture in the surface soil layers to support crop and forage growth. Indicators of agricultural drought often are precipitation, temperature and soil moisture to measure soil moisture and crop yield. This study aims to assess spatio-Temporal variations of drought in the Tihama Plain, which is one of the most important agricultural areas in Yemen, which contributes about 42% of the total agricultural production in the country. In recent years, the Tihama Plain faced changes in the rainy season, which reflect negatively on agriculture production and water security in the area. In this study, the Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI) was used to temporally evaluate the situation of drought, also used Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in order to show the spatial variability distribution of drought in the study area. The analysis results of SPI-6 showed that the year of 1984, 1991, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006 and 2008 were the most affected by drought during the study period of 30 years (1980-2010). It was also shown that 1991 was the worst years of drought experienced by the study area. Based on the fact that the study area is the most important agricultural areas in Yemen, it is recommended to study the drought and its impact on agricultural crops.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-27
Number of pages11
JournalIndonesian Journal of Geography
Volume49
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2017

Fingerprint

Yemen
drought
trend
agricultural area
agricultural land
soil moisture
crop
plain
agricultural production
crop yield
forage
information system
temporal variation
agriculture
moisture
spatial distribution
water
lack

Keywords

  • Agricultural drought
  • Drought indicators
  • GIS
  • Spatial distribution
  • Standardized precipitation index (SPI)
  • Tihama plain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development

Cite this

Discovering Trends of Agricultural Drought in Tihama Plain, Yemen : A Preliminary Assessment. / Allah, Ali Ahmed Dhaif; Md. Hashim, Noorazuan; Awang, Azahan.

In: Indonesian Journal of Geography, Vol. 49, No. 1, 01.06.2017, p. 17-27.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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