Direct synthesis of nitrogen-containing carbon nanotubes on carbon paper for fuel cell electrode

Wong Wai Yin, Wan Ramli Wan Daud, Abu Bakar Mohamad, Abdul Amir H. Kadhum, Edy Herianto, Kee Shyuan Loh

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Organic catalyst has recently been identified as the potential substitution for expensive platinum electrocatalyst for fuel cell application. Numerous studies have shown that the nitrogen-containing carbon nanotubes (N-CNT) can be synthesized through spray pyrolysis or floating chemical vapor deposition (CVD) technique using various type of organometallic as precursors. This paper presents the method of synthesis and the initial findings of the growth of N-CNT directly on carbon paper using a modified CVD technique. In this research, nickel (II) phthalocyanines (Ni-Pc) as precursor was dissolved in ethanol solvent, stirred and sonicated to become homogenized. The solution was poured into a bubbler and heated up to allow the mixture to vaporize. Subsequently, the solution vapor was flowed into the tubical reactor maintained at 900°C. Carbon paper sputtered with nickel nanoparticles was used as the substrate. The synthesized sample was examined through Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM), Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) and Fourier Transform Infra-Red (FTIR). Long, entangled and compartmentalized nanotubes with tube diameter ranging 23-27 nm were found covered the carbon paper surface with approximate of 5.5-6.0 μm in thickness. EDX analysis has successfully showed the presence of nitrogen in the carbon nanotube. FTIR analysis showed the presence of the C-N bond on CNT.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAIP Conference Proceedings
Pages181-186
Number of pages6
Volume1455
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Event2nd ASEAN-APCTP Workshop on Advanced Materials Science and Nanotechnology, AMSN 2010 - Penang
Duration: 21 Dec 201023 Dec 2010

Other

Other2nd ASEAN-APCTP Workshop on Advanced Materials Science and Nanotechnology, AMSN 2010
CityPenang
Period21/12/1023/12/10

Fingerprint

fuel cells
carbon nanotubes
nitrogen
electrodes
carbon
synthesis
vapor deposition
nickel
electrocatalysts
floating
pyrolysis
sprayers
field emission
nanotubes
platinum
ethyl alcohol
reactors
atomic force microscopy
vapors
substitutes

Keywords

  • carbon nanotubes
  • chemical vapor deposition
  • Nitrogen-doped
  • phthalocyanines

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Direct synthesis of nitrogen-containing carbon nanotubes on carbon paper for fuel cell electrode. / Yin, Wong Wai; Wan Daud, Wan Ramli; Mohamad, Abu Bakar; Kadhum, Abdul Amir H.; Herianto, Edy; Loh, Kee Shyuan.

AIP Conference Proceedings. Vol. 1455 2012. p. 181-186.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Yin, WW, Wan Daud, WR, Mohamad, AB, Kadhum, AAH, Herianto, E & Loh, KS 2012, Direct synthesis of nitrogen-containing carbon nanotubes on carbon paper for fuel cell electrode. in AIP Conference Proceedings. vol. 1455, pp. 181-186, 2nd ASEAN-APCTP Workshop on Advanced Materials Science and Nanotechnology, AMSN 2010, Penang, 21/12/10. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4732489
Yin, Wong Wai ; Wan Daud, Wan Ramli ; Mohamad, Abu Bakar ; Kadhum, Abdul Amir H. ; Herianto, Edy ; Loh, Kee Shyuan. / Direct synthesis of nitrogen-containing carbon nanotubes on carbon paper for fuel cell electrode. AIP Conference Proceedings. Vol. 1455 2012. pp. 181-186
@inproceedings{53e63e2032cc455981caf27dfe9817f7,
title = "Direct synthesis of nitrogen-containing carbon nanotubes on carbon paper for fuel cell electrode",
abstract = "Organic catalyst has recently been identified as the potential substitution for expensive platinum electrocatalyst for fuel cell application. Numerous studies have shown that the nitrogen-containing carbon nanotubes (N-CNT) can be synthesized through spray pyrolysis or floating chemical vapor deposition (CVD) technique using various type of organometallic as precursors. This paper presents the method of synthesis and the initial findings of the growth of N-CNT directly on carbon paper using a modified CVD technique. In this research, nickel (II) phthalocyanines (Ni-Pc) as precursor was dissolved in ethanol solvent, stirred and sonicated to become homogenized. The solution was poured into a bubbler and heated up to allow the mixture to vaporize. Subsequently, the solution vapor was flowed into the tubical reactor maintained at 900°C. Carbon paper sputtered with nickel nanoparticles was used as the substrate. The synthesized sample was examined through Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM), Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) and Fourier Transform Infra-Red (FTIR). Long, entangled and compartmentalized nanotubes with tube diameter ranging 23-27 nm were found covered the carbon paper surface with approximate of 5.5-6.0 μm in thickness. EDX analysis has successfully showed the presence of nitrogen in the carbon nanotube. FTIR analysis showed the presence of the C-N bond on CNT.",
keywords = "carbon nanotubes, chemical vapor deposition, Nitrogen-doped, phthalocyanines",
author = "Yin, {Wong Wai} and {Wan Daud}, {Wan Ramli} and Mohamad, {Abu Bakar} and Kadhum, {Abdul Amir H.} and Edy Herianto and Loh, {Kee Shyuan}",
year = "2012",
doi = "10.1063/1.4732489",
language = "English",
isbn = "9780735410565",
volume = "1455",
pages = "181--186",
booktitle = "AIP Conference Proceedings",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Direct synthesis of nitrogen-containing carbon nanotubes on carbon paper for fuel cell electrode

AU - Yin, Wong Wai

AU - Wan Daud, Wan Ramli

AU - Mohamad, Abu Bakar

AU - Kadhum, Abdul Amir H.

AU - Herianto, Edy

AU - Loh, Kee Shyuan

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Organic catalyst has recently been identified as the potential substitution for expensive platinum electrocatalyst for fuel cell application. Numerous studies have shown that the nitrogen-containing carbon nanotubes (N-CNT) can be synthesized through spray pyrolysis or floating chemical vapor deposition (CVD) technique using various type of organometallic as precursors. This paper presents the method of synthesis and the initial findings of the growth of N-CNT directly on carbon paper using a modified CVD technique. In this research, nickel (II) phthalocyanines (Ni-Pc) as precursor was dissolved in ethanol solvent, stirred and sonicated to become homogenized. The solution was poured into a bubbler and heated up to allow the mixture to vaporize. Subsequently, the solution vapor was flowed into the tubical reactor maintained at 900°C. Carbon paper sputtered with nickel nanoparticles was used as the substrate. The synthesized sample was examined through Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM), Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) and Fourier Transform Infra-Red (FTIR). Long, entangled and compartmentalized nanotubes with tube diameter ranging 23-27 nm were found covered the carbon paper surface with approximate of 5.5-6.0 μm in thickness. EDX analysis has successfully showed the presence of nitrogen in the carbon nanotube. FTIR analysis showed the presence of the C-N bond on CNT.

AB - Organic catalyst has recently been identified as the potential substitution for expensive platinum electrocatalyst for fuel cell application. Numerous studies have shown that the nitrogen-containing carbon nanotubes (N-CNT) can be synthesized through spray pyrolysis or floating chemical vapor deposition (CVD) technique using various type of organometallic as precursors. This paper presents the method of synthesis and the initial findings of the growth of N-CNT directly on carbon paper using a modified CVD technique. In this research, nickel (II) phthalocyanines (Ni-Pc) as precursor was dissolved in ethanol solvent, stirred and sonicated to become homogenized. The solution was poured into a bubbler and heated up to allow the mixture to vaporize. Subsequently, the solution vapor was flowed into the tubical reactor maintained at 900°C. Carbon paper sputtered with nickel nanoparticles was used as the substrate. The synthesized sample was examined through Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM), Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) and Fourier Transform Infra-Red (FTIR). Long, entangled and compartmentalized nanotubes with tube diameter ranging 23-27 nm were found covered the carbon paper surface with approximate of 5.5-6.0 μm in thickness. EDX analysis has successfully showed the presence of nitrogen in the carbon nanotube. FTIR analysis showed the presence of the C-N bond on CNT.

KW - carbon nanotubes

KW - chemical vapor deposition

KW - Nitrogen-doped

KW - phthalocyanines

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84874354362&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84874354362&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1063/1.4732489

DO - 10.1063/1.4732489

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:84874354362

SN - 9780735410565

VL - 1455

SP - 181

EP - 186

BT - AIP Conference Proceedings

ER -