Dioxins and furans in demersal fish and shellfish from regions in west coast Peninsular Malaysia

Nurul Nadiah Mohamad Nasir, Azrina Azlan, Muhammad Rizal Razman, Nor Azam Ramli, Aishah A. Latiff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fish and shellfish are the richest natural dietary sources of EPA and DHA. Dietary intakes of EPA and DHA have been purported to disease prevention, in particular cardiovascular disease (CVD). In Malaysia, the fisheries along the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia contribute to approximately 70% of the total marine resources. These resources are exposed to contamination caused by persistent organic pollutant such as dioxins and furans. Since dioxins and furans accumulate in the lipid compartment of animals, therefore fat of fish caught in the polluted waters may be contaminated with these chlorinated hydrocarbons. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the amount and type of dioxins and furans congeners of demersal fish and shellfish from north, middle and south regions of west coast peninsular Malaysia. The samples of fish and shellfish consisted species such as Psettodes erumei (large-scale toungue sole), Gymnura spp. (long-tailed butterfly ray), Sepia officinalis (cuttlefish), Nemipterus japonicus (Japanese threadfin bream), Epinephulus sexfasciatus (sixbar grouper), Lutianus argentimaculatus (Malabar red snapper), Anadara granosa (cockles), Macrobrachium rosenbergi (prawn) and Plotosus spp. (gray eel-catfish). Findings of this study demonstrate that gray eel-catfish and Malabar red snapper have higher level of total dioxins and furans ranging 0.90-1.57 and 0.34-0.37 pg/g w.w, respectively. Meanwhile, low level of total dioxins and furans were found in large-scale tongue sole and long-tailed butterfly ray ranging from 0.12-0.19 and 0.12-0.17 pg/g w.w, respectively. Among the shellfish, cockles were accumulated higher total dioxins and furans (0.21-0.24 pg/g w.w) compared to prawn and cuttlefish. 2,3,7,8-TCDD, the most potent and toxic congeners was found in 6 species of samples ranging from 0.01 to 0.11 pg/g w.w WHO I-TEQ. While 1,2,3,7,8-PeCDD congener was found in all samples at a relatively higher level of 0.02 to 1.04 pg/g w.w Overall, Plotosus spp. (gray eel-catfish) is the species exhibited the highest buildup of dioxins and furans compared to other species without exceeding the permitted level set by World Health Organization (WHO).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)72-78
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Food, Agriculture and Environment
Volume9
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Fingerprint

Furans
Shellfish
demersal fish
Dioxins
dioxins
furan
furans
Malaysia
shellfish
dioxin
Catfishes
Fishes
coasts
coast
Eels
Gymnuridae
Cardiidae
Nemipterus japonicus
eel
catfish

Keywords

  • Demersal fish
  • Dioxins
  • Furans
  • Shellfish

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

Dioxins and furans in demersal fish and shellfish from regions in west coast Peninsular Malaysia. / Nasir, Nurul Nadiah Mohamad; Azlan, Azrina; Razman, Muhammad Rizal; Ramli, Nor Azam; Latiff, Aishah A.

In: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment, Vol. 9, No. 2, 2011, p. 72-78.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nasir, Nurul Nadiah Mohamad ; Azlan, Azrina ; Razman, Muhammad Rizal ; Ramli, Nor Azam ; Latiff, Aishah A. / Dioxins and furans in demersal fish and shellfish from regions in west coast Peninsular Malaysia. In: Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment. 2011 ; Vol. 9, No. 2. pp. 72-78.
@article{284afb54b13d4d988f69fd02db7dcf32,
title = "Dioxins and furans in demersal fish and shellfish from regions in west coast Peninsular Malaysia",
abstract = "Fish and shellfish are the richest natural dietary sources of EPA and DHA. Dietary intakes of EPA and DHA have been purported to disease prevention, in particular cardiovascular disease (CVD). In Malaysia, the fisheries along the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia contribute to approximately 70{\%} of the total marine resources. These resources are exposed to contamination caused by persistent organic pollutant such as dioxins and furans. Since dioxins and furans accumulate in the lipid compartment of animals, therefore fat of fish caught in the polluted waters may be contaminated with these chlorinated hydrocarbons. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the amount and type of dioxins and furans congeners of demersal fish and shellfish from north, middle and south regions of west coast peninsular Malaysia. The samples of fish and shellfish consisted species such as Psettodes erumei (large-scale toungue sole), Gymnura spp. (long-tailed butterfly ray), Sepia officinalis (cuttlefish), Nemipterus japonicus (Japanese threadfin bream), Epinephulus sexfasciatus (sixbar grouper), Lutianus argentimaculatus (Malabar red snapper), Anadara granosa (cockles), Macrobrachium rosenbergi (prawn) and Plotosus spp. (gray eel-catfish). Findings of this study demonstrate that gray eel-catfish and Malabar red snapper have higher level of total dioxins and furans ranging 0.90-1.57 and 0.34-0.37 pg/g w.w, respectively. Meanwhile, low level of total dioxins and furans were found in large-scale tongue sole and long-tailed butterfly ray ranging from 0.12-0.19 and 0.12-0.17 pg/g w.w, respectively. Among the shellfish, cockles were accumulated higher total dioxins and furans (0.21-0.24 pg/g w.w) compared to prawn and cuttlefish. 2,3,7,8-TCDD, the most potent and toxic congeners was found in 6 species of samples ranging from 0.01 to 0.11 pg/g w.w WHO I-TEQ. While 1,2,3,7,8-PeCDD congener was found in all samples at a relatively higher level of 0.02 to 1.04 pg/g w.w Overall, Plotosus spp. (gray eel-catfish) is the species exhibited the highest buildup of dioxins and furans compared to other species without exceeding the permitted level set by World Health Organization (WHO).",
keywords = "Demersal fish, Dioxins, Furans, Shellfish",
author = "Nasir, {Nurul Nadiah Mohamad} and Azrina Azlan and Razman, {Muhammad Rizal} and Ramli, {Nor Azam} and Latiff, {Aishah A.}",
year = "2011",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
pages = "72--78",
journal = "Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment",
issn = "1459-0255",
publisher = "World Food Ltd. and WFL Publishers",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dioxins and furans in demersal fish and shellfish from regions in west coast Peninsular Malaysia

AU - Nasir, Nurul Nadiah Mohamad

AU - Azlan, Azrina

AU - Razman, Muhammad Rizal

AU - Ramli, Nor Azam

AU - Latiff, Aishah A.

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - Fish and shellfish are the richest natural dietary sources of EPA and DHA. Dietary intakes of EPA and DHA have been purported to disease prevention, in particular cardiovascular disease (CVD). In Malaysia, the fisheries along the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia contribute to approximately 70% of the total marine resources. These resources are exposed to contamination caused by persistent organic pollutant such as dioxins and furans. Since dioxins and furans accumulate in the lipid compartment of animals, therefore fat of fish caught in the polluted waters may be contaminated with these chlorinated hydrocarbons. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the amount and type of dioxins and furans congeners of demersal fish and shellfish from north, middle and south regions of west coast peninsular Malaysia. The samples of fish and shellfish consisted species such as Psettodes erumei (large-scale toungue sole), Gymnura spp. (long-tailed butterfly ray), Sepia officinalis (cuttlefish), Nemipterus japonicus (Japanese threadfin bream), Epinephulus sexfasciatus (sixbar grouper), Lutianus argentimaculatus (Malabar red snapper), Anadara granosa (cockles), Macrobrachium rosenbergi (prawn) and Plotosus spp. (gray eel-catfish). Findings of this study demonstrate that gray eel-catfish and Malabar red snapper have higher level of total dioxins and furans ranging 0.90-1.57 and 0.34-0.37 pg/g w.w, respectively. Meanwhile, low level of total dioxins and furans were found in large-scale tongue sole and long-tailed butterfly ray ranging from 0.12-0.19 and 0.12-0.17 pg/g w.w, respectively. Among the shellfish, cockles were accumulated higher total dioxins and furans (0.21-0.24 pg/g w.w) compared to prawn and cuttlefish. 2,3,7,8-TCDD, the most potent and toxic congeners was found in 6 species of samples ranging from 0.01 to 0.11 pg/g w.w WHO I-TEQ. While 1,2,3,7,8-PeCDD congener was found in all samples at a relatively higher level of 0.02 to 1.04 pg/g w.w Overall, Plotosus spp. (gray eel-catfish) is the species exhibited the highest buildup of dioxins and furans compared to other species without exceeding the permitted level set by World Health Organization (WHO).

AB - Fish and shellfish are the richest natural dietary sources of EPA and DHA. Dietary intakes of EPA and DHA have been purported to disease prevention, in particular cardiovascular disease (CVD). In Malaysia, the fisheries along the west coast of Peninsular Malaysia contribute to approximately 70% of the total marine resources. These resources are exposed to contamination caused by persistent organic pollutant such as dioxins and furans. Since dioxins and furans accumulate in the lipid compartment of animals, therefore fat of fish caught in the polluted waters may be contaminated with these chlorinated hydrocarbons. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the amount and type of dioxins and furans congeners of demersal fish and shellfish from north, middle and south regions of west coast peninsular Malaysia. The samples of fish and shellfish consisted species such as Psettodes erumei (large-scale toungue sole), Gymnura spp. (long-tailed butterfly ray), Sepia officinalis (cuttlefish), Nemipterus japonicus (Japanese threadfin bream), Epinephulus sexfasciatus (sixbar grouper), Lutianus argentimaculatus (Malabar red snapper), Anadara granosa (cockles), Macrobrachium rosenbergi (prawn) and Plotosus spp. (gray eel-catfish). Findings of this study demonstrate that gray eel-catfish and Malabar red snapper have higher level of total dioxins and furans ranging 0.90-1.57 and 0.34-0.37 pg/g w.w, respectively. Meanwhile, low level of total dioxins and furans were found in large-scale tongue sole and long-tailed butterfly ray ranging from 0.12-0.19 and 0.12-0.17 pg/g w.w, respectively. Among the shellfish, cockles were accumulated higher total dioxins and furans (0.21-0.24 pg/g w.w) compared to prawn and cuttlefish. 2,3,7,8-TCDD, the most potent and toxic congeners was found in 6 species of samples ranging from 0.01 to 0.11 pg/g w.w WHO I-TEQ. While 1,2,3,7,8-PeCDD congener was found in all samples at a relatively higher level of 0.02 to 1.04 pg/g w.w Overall, Plotosus spp. (gray eel-catfish) is the species exhibited the highest buildup of dioxins and furans compared to other species without exceeding the permitted level set by World Health Organization (WHO).

KW - Demersal fish

KW - Dioxins

KW - Furans

KW - Shellfish

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=80555133255&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=80555133255&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:80555133255

VL - 9

SP - 72

EP - 78

JO - Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

JF - Journal of Food, Agriculture and Environment

SN - 1459-0255

IS - 2

ER -