Different starring times of α-tocopherol and γ-tocotrienol supplementation and tumor marker enzyme activities in the rat chemically induced with cancer

Suzana Makpol, N. A. Shamaan, Z. Jarien, A. G. Md Top, B. A K Khalid, W. Z. Wan Ngah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

1. α-Tocopherol (α-T) and γ-tocotrienol (γ-T) were supplemented continuously for 8 weeks in the diets of normal rats and rats chemically induced with cancer using diethylnitrosamine (DEN), 2-acetylaminofluorene (AAF) and partial hepatectomy. Hepatocarcinogenesis was followed by determining the plasma γ-glutamyl-transpeptidase (GGT) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activities as well as placental glutathione S transferase (PGST) and GGT activities histochemically, at 4-week intervals. 2. Male Rattus norvegicus were supplemented α-T and γ-T at two different doses of 30 and 300 mg/kg diet. The supplementation was started at three different times: simultaneously with DEN administration; 4 weeks; and 8 weeks after DEN administration. 3. Elevation of plasma GGT activities and formation of PGST and GGT positive foci were attenuated significantly (P < 0.05) when α-T and γ-T were supplemented simultaneously with cancer induction. Supplementation begun 4 and 8 weeks after cancer induction did not affect plasma enzyme activities and formation of enzyme positive foci. 4. α-T was more effective than γ-T, and a lower dose of 30 mg/kg was found to be more effective in reducing the severity of hepatocarcinogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)589-592
Number of pages4
JournalGeneral Pharmacology
Volume28
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1997

Fingerprint

Tocotrienols
Diethylnitrosamine
Tocopherols
Tumor Biomarkers
Glutathione Transferase
Enzymes
Diet
2-Acetylaminofluorene
Neoplasms
gamma-Glutamyltransferase
Hepatectomy
Alkaline Phosphatase

Keywords

  • α-Tocopherol
  • γ-Tocotrienol
  • Rat hepatocarcinogenesis
  • Tumor marker enzymes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

Cite this

Different starring times of α-tocopherol and γ-tocotrienol supplementation and tumor marker enzyme activities in the rat chemically induced with cancer. / Makpol, Suzana; Shamaan, N. A.; Jarien, Z.; Md Top, A. G.; Khalid, B. A K; Wan Ngah, W. Z.

In: General Pharmacology, Vol. 28, No. 4, 04.1997, p. 589-592.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Makpol, Suzana ; Shamaan, N. A. ; Jarien, Z. ; Md Top, A. G. ; Khalid, B. A K ; Wan Ngah, W. Z. / Different starring times of α-tocopherol and γ-tocotrienol supplementation and tumor marker enzyme activities in the rat chemically induced with cancer. In: General Pharmacology. 1997 ; Vol. 28, No. 4. pp. 589-592.
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