Dietary polyphenol intake associated with adiposity indices among adults from low to medium socioeconomic status in a suburban area of Kuala Lumpur: A preliminary findings

Hanisah Rosli, Yifang Kee, Suzana Shahar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Researches on polyphenols have been the interest of few parties due to its possible roles in the prevention of obesity. However, studies regarding this topic are still limited. Therefore, this study was conducted to examine the relationship between the intake of polyphenols with adiposity indices among middle-aged adults. Methods: This cross-sectional study involved 227 adults aged 40 to 59 years at low-cost housing flats in suburban area of Cheras, Kuala Lumpur. Data collection involved food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) for polyphenols and international physical activity questionnaire (IPAQ). Subjects were measured for anthropometric parameters including height, weight, waist and neck circumferences (NC), and body fat percentage. The polyphenol intake from the diet was estimated using local polyphenol database built according to PHENOL-EXPLORER. Results: The average intake of polyphenol of subjects was 1815 (672) mg/day. The main food sources of polyphenol were coffee with milk, followed by chocolate milk and red beans. A higher polyphenol intake according to quartile was significantly associated with a lower neck circumference (χ² = 8.30, P = 0.040), waist circumference (χ² = 8.45, P = 0.038) and body fat percentage (χ² = 8.06, P = 0.045). Binomial logistic regression analysis showed that the association remained significant for the neck circumference (P = 0.032), after controlling for age, household income, energy intake and physical activity level. More subjects with normal NC had higher intake of polyphenols (50th percentile and above). In contrast, subjects with high NC showed lower percentiles of polyphenols intake (50th percentile and below). Conclusion: The result showed that polyphenol intake was associated with neck circumference and thus it can be suggested that polyphenol intake is associated with obesity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-76
Number of pages10
JournalMalaysian Journal of Medical Sciences
Volume26
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Fingerprint

Adiposity
Polyphenols
Social Class
Neck
Waist Circumference
Adipose Tissue
Milk
Obesity
Exercise
Food
Coffee
Phenol
Energy Intake
Cross-Sectional Studies
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis
Databases
Diet

Keywords

  • Adults
  • Food intake
  • Malaysia
  • Obesity
  • Polyphenol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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title = "Dietary polyphenol intake associated with adiposity indices among adults from low to medium socioeconomic status in a suburban area of Kuala Lumpur: A preliminary findings",
abstract = "Background: Researches on polyphenols have been the interest of few parties due to its possible roles in the prevention of obesity. However, studies regarding this topic are still limited. Therefore, this study was conducted to examine the relationship between the intake of polyphenols with adiposity indices among middle-aged adults. Methods: This cross-sectional study involved 227 adults aged 40 to 59 years at low-cost housing flats in suburban area of Cheras, Kuala Lumpur. Data collection involved food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) for polyphenols and international physical activity questionnaire (IPAQ). Subjects were measured for anthropometric parameters including height, weight, waist and neck circumferences (NC), and body fat percentage. The polyphenol intake from the diet was estimated using local polyphenol database built according to PHENOL-EXPLORER. Results: The average intake of polyphenol of subjects was 1815 (672) mg/day. The main food sources of polyphenol were coffee with milk, followed by chocolate milk and red beans. A higher polyphenol intake according to quartile was significantly associated with a lower neck circumference (χ² = 8.30, P = 0.040), waist circumference (χ² = 8.45, P = 0.038) and body fat percentage (χ² = 8.06, P = 0.045). Binomial logistic regression analysis showed that the association remained significant for the neck circumference (P = 0.032), after controlling for age, household income, energy intake and physical activity level. More subjects with normal NC had higher intake of polyphenols (50th percentile and above). In contrast, subjects with high NC showed lower percentiles of polyphenols intake (50th percentile and below). Conclusion: The result showed that polyphenol intake was associated with neck circumference and thus it can be suggested that polyphenol intake is associated with obesity.",
keywords = "Adults, Food intake, Malaysia, Obesity, Polyphenol",
author = "Hanisah Rosli and Yifang Kee and Suzana Shahar",
year = "2019",
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doi = "10.21315/mjms2019.26.6.7",
language = "English",
volume = "26",
pages = "67--76",
journal = "Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences",
issn = "1394-195X",
publisher = "Universiti Sains Malaysia",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Dietary polyphenol intake associated with adiposity indices among adults from low to medium socioeconomic status in a suburban area of Kuala Lumpur

T2 - A preliminary findings

AU - Rosli, Hanisah

AU - Kee, Yifang

AU - Shahar, Suzana

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Background: Researches on polyphenols have been the interest of few parties due to its possible roles in the prevention of obesity. However, studies regarding this topic are still limited. Therefore, this study was conducted to examine the relationship between the intake of polyphenols with adiposity indices among middle-aged adults. Methods: This cross-sectional study involved 227 adults aged 40 to 59 years at low-cost housing flats in suburban area of Cheras, Kuala Lumpur. Data collection involved food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) for polyphenols and international physical activity questionnaire (IPAQ). Subjects were measured for anthropometric parameters including height, weight, waist and neck circumferences (NC), and body fat percentage. The polyphenol intake from the diet was estimated using local polyphenol database built according to PHENOL-EXPLORER. Results: The average intake of polyphenol of subjects was 1815 (672) mg/day. The main food sources of polyphenol were coffee with milk, followed by chocolate milk and red beans. A higher polyphenol intake according to quartile was significantly associated with a lower neck circumference (χ² = 8.30, P = 0.040), waist circumference (χ² = 8.45, P = 0.038) and body fat percentage (χ² = 8.06, P = 0.045). Binomial logistic regression analysis showed that the association remained significant for the neck circumference (P = 0.032), after controlling for age, household income, energy intake and physical activity level. More subjects with normal NC had higher intake of polyphenols (50th percentile and above). In contrast, subjects with high NC showed lower percentiles of polyphenols intake (50th percentile and below). Conclusion: The result showed that polyphenol intake was associated with neck circumference and thus it can be suggested that polyphenol intake is associated with obesity.

AB - Background: Researches on polyphenols have been the interest of few parties due to its possible roles in the prevention of obesity. However, studies regarding this topic are still limited. Therefore, this study was conducted to examine the relationship between the intake of polyphenols with adiposity indices among middle-aged adults. Methods: This cross-sectional study involved 227 adults aged 40 to 59 years at low-cost housing flats in suburban area of Cheras, Kuala Lumpur. Data collection involved food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) for polyphenols and international physical activity questionnaire (IPAQ). Subjects were measured for anthropometric parameters including height, weight, waist and neck circumferences (NC), and body fat percentage. The polyphenol intake from the diet was estimated using local polyphenol database built according to PHENOL-EXPLORER. Results: The average intake of polyphenol of subjects was 1815 (672) mg/day. The main food sources of polyphenol were coffee with milk, followed by chocolate milk and red beans. A higher polyphenol intake according to quartile was significantly associated with a lower neck circumference (χ² = 8.30, P = 0.040), waist circumference (χ² = 8.45, P = 0.038) and body fat percentage (χ² = 8.06, P = 0.045). Binomial logistic regression analysis showed that the association remained significant for the neck circumference (P = 0.032), after controlling for age, household income, energy intake and physical activity level. More subjects with normal NC had higher intake of polyphenols (50th percentile and above). In contrast, subjects with high NC showed lower percentiles of polyphenols intake (50th percentile and below). Conclusion: The result showed that polyphenol intake was associated with neck circumference and thus it can be suggested that polyphenol intake is associated with obesity.

KW - Adults

KW - Food intake

KW - Malaysia

KW - Obesity

KW - Polyphenol

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