Dietary health behaviors of women living in high rise dwellings

A case study of an urban community in Malaysia

Tilakavati Karupaiah, Winnie Chee Siew Swee, Siew Ying Liew, Boon Koon Ng, Karuthan Chinna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Diet-related non-communicable disease (DR-NCD) occurrence is a serious problem amongst Malaysian women and urbanization is probably a challenge to their achieving the nutritional environment conducive to healthy eating. This case study aimed to determine diet quality of an urban community using women respondents from high rise dwellings in Kuala Lumpur. The sample consisted of 135 households and a healthy eating index (HEI) scale was used to evaluate the women's diet quality. A total of 128 women (Malays = 45, Chinese = 56, Indian = 27) participated. Total HEI score was significantly different (P < 0.05) within ethnicity (Indians = 75.7 ± 8.1 <Malays = 80.5 ± 7.4 <Chinese = 80.1 ± 8.1) and affected by component scores for fruit (range 3.8-6.2, P = 0.044), sodium (range 7.8-9.0, P = 0.006) and food variety (range 9.3-9.9, P = 0.001). Dairy foods rated poorly (range 2.0-3.9, P > 0.05) regardless of ethnicity. Income strata (ρ = 0.159, P = 0.048) and eating out frequency (ρ = -0.149, P = 0.046) also independently affected HEI scores. Income negatively correlated with sodium restriction score (ρ = -0.294, P = 0.001) but positively with cereals (ρ = 0.181; P = 0.025), fruits (ρ = 0.178; P = 0.022), dairy products (ρ = 0.198; P = 0.013) and food variety (ρ = 0.219, P = 0.007). Decreased vegetable intake (ρ = -0.320; P < 0.001) and sodium excess (ρ = -0.135, P = 0.065) were associated with eating out frequency and poor HEI scores. This case study suggests health promotion for DR-NCD prevention is needed at the community level to improve diet quality of urban women.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)163-171
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Community Health
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2013

Fingerprint

Malaysia
Health Behavior
health behavior
eating behavior
Diet
community
Eating
Sodium
Urbanization
Dairy Products
Health Promotion
Disease
Vegetables
income
Fruit
social stratum
Healthy Diet
vegetables
health promotion
Food

Keywords

  • Diet quality
  • Ethnicity
  • HEI
  • High rise dwelling
  • Income
  • Urban women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health(social science)

Cite this

Dietary health behaviors of women living in high rise dwellings : A case study of an urban community in Malaysia. / Karupaiah, Tilakavati; Swee, Winnie Chee Siew; Liew, Siew Ying; Ng, Boon Koon; Chinna, Karuthan.

In: Journal of Community Health, Vol. 38, No. 1, 02.2013, p. 163-171.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Karupaiah, Tilakavati ; Swee, Winnie Chee Siew ; Liew, Siew Ying ; Ng, Boon Koon ; Chinna, Karuthan. / Dietary health behaviors of women living in high rise dwellings : A case study of an urban community in Malaysia. In: Journal of Community Health. 2013 ; Vol. 38, No. 1. pp. 163-171.
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