Development, validity and reliability of a questionnaire on knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) towards whole grain among primary school children in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

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6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study aimed to develop and validate whole grain KAP questionnaire among children. A guided self-administered questionnaire was developed. In this cross sectional study, a total of 207 children aged 9 to 11 years in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia were recruited. Knowledge domain was considered as optimal level of difficulty and able to discriminate performance of good and poor children. Construct validity was assessed using exploratory factor analysis with principle components method and varimax rotation. Four factor-solutions emerged for attitude domain whereas 3 factor-solutions were constructed for practice domain. Internal consistency was acceptable for knowledge (KR20=0.70), attitude (CA=0.72) and practice (CA=0.73). Test-retest reliability intra-class correlation coefficients for knowledge, attitude and practice domains were 0.80, 0.78 and 0.79 (p <0.001), respectively. This is a feasible questionnaire which can be a useful tool for measuring whole grain KAP and assessment tool to evaluate the effectiveness of whole grain intervention among children in Malaysia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)797-805
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Food Research Journal
Volume23
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
elementary schools
school children
whole grain foods
Malaysia
Reproducibility of Results
questionnaires
Statistical Factor Analysis
cross-sectional studies
Cross-Sectional Studies
Surveys and Questionnaires
Whole Grains
testing

Keywords

  • Children
  • Malaysia
  • Reliability
  • Validity
  • Whole grains

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science

Cite this

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