Development of model system for cost-effective pico-hydro turbine

Masjuri Musa-Othman, Juhari Ab Razak, Md Razali Ayob, Mohd Afzanizam Rosli, Safarudin Gazali Herawan, Kamaruzzaman Sopian

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

One of the main obstacles of rural electrification programme is to find an alternative energy to replace power generated by generator. The ever increasing fuel price and its cost of transportation to the remote location limited the availability of electricity to certain time of the day. Since the rural settlement usually located near water source, renewable energy based on hydro is suggested. This paper will discuss about the development of model system for cost-effective pico-hydro turbine. The size of the turbine will be based on low flow and low head application. Two types of turbine, propeller or also known as axial-flow and cross-flow, are evaluated under these conditions. Both of the turbines were installed in one model system equipped with storage tanks and piping system. Centrifugal pump is used to ensure the circulation of the water between main storage tank into the flowing tank simulating the run-of river application for pico hydro system. The head of the model system is fixed with variable parameter of water flow rate is controlled by using controller valve and flow meter for power data collection for each turbine. The performance of both turbines were also simulated and evaluated by using CFD's software. Techno-economics evaluations are done so that the model of the system will be able to select the optimum size of the turbine based on the flow rate for a cheap efficient and cost-effective hydro turbine.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication3rd ISESEE 2011 - International Symposium and Exhibition in Sustainable Energy and Environment
Pages17-21
Number of pages5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011
Event3rd International Symposium and Exhibition in Sustainable Energy and Environment, ISESEE 2011 - Melaka
Duration: 1 Jun 20113 Jun 2011

Other

Other3rd International Symposium and Exhibition in Sustainable Energy and Environment, ISESEE 2011
CityMelaka
Period1/6/113/6/11

Fingerprint

Turbines
Costs
Flow rate
Water
Axial flow
Piping systems
Centrifugal pumps
Propellers
Computational fluid dynamics
Electricity
Rivers
Availability
Controllers
Economics

Keywords

  • Cost effective
  • Cross-flow
  • Model system
  • Pico hydro turbine
  • Propeller

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Engineering

Cite this

Musa-Othman, M., Razak, J. A., Ayob, M. R., Rosli, M. A., Herawan, S. G., & Sopian, K. (2011). Development of model system for cost-effective pico-hydro turbine. In 3rd ISESEE 2011 - International Symposium and Exhibition in Sustainable Energy and Environment (pp. 17-21). [5977101] https://doi.org/10.1109/ISESEE.2011.5977101

Development of model system for cost-effective pico-hydro turbine. / Musa-Othman, Masjuri; Razak, Juhari Ab; Ayob, Md Razali; Rosli, Mohd Afzanizam; Herawan, Safarudin Gazali; Sopian, Kamaruzzaman.

3rd ISESEE 2011 - International Symposium and Exhibition in Sustainable Energy and Environment. 2011. p. 17-21 5977101.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Musa-Othman, M, Razak, JA, Ayob, MR, Rosli, MA, Herawan, SG & Sopian, K 2011, Development of model system for cost-effective pico-hydro turbine. in 3rd ISESEE 2011 - International Symposium and Exhibition in Sustainable Energy and Environment., 5977101, pp. 17-21, 3rd International Symposium and Exhibition in Sustainable Energy and Environment, ISESEE 2011, Melaka, 1/6/11. https://doi.org/10.1109/ISESEE.2011.5977101
Musa-Othman M, Razak JA, Ayob MR, Rosli MA, Herawan SG, Sopian K. Development of model system for cost-effective pico-hydro turbine. In 3rd ISESEE 2011 - International Symposium and Exhibition in Sustainable Energy and Environment. 2011. p. 17-21. 5977101 https://doi.org/10.1109/ISESEE.2011.5977101
Musa-Othman, Masjuri ; Razak, Juhari Ab ; Ayob, Md Razali ; Rosli, Mohd Afzanizam ; Herawan, Safarudin Gazali ; Sopian, Kamaruzzaman. / Development of model system for cost-effective pico-hydro turbine. 3rd ISESEE 2011 - International Symposium and Exhibition in Sustainable Energy and Environment. 2011. pp. 17-21
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