Development, environmental degradation and environmental management in Malaysia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It is a well-known fact that there is interaction between various components of the environment. The atmosphere, the lithosphere, the hydrosphere and the biosphere are interdependent of each other in a symbiotic manner. One component cannot function without the others. The inter-relationship between the various components is vital in the achievement of a dynamic equilibrium condition in the environment. The absence or extended disturbance of one component may render dynamic equilibrium unattainable and leads to environmental degradation. The exploitation of natural resources and other improperly planned and inadequately controlled development activities often lead to environmental degradation. In this country, there is a sure sign of environmental degradation even before the achievement of independence in 1957 which is manifested in various problems of pollution either in air, water and on land. Deforestation, mining, land and infrastructure development has not only led to soil erosion, sedimentation of drainage system, but also more frequent and intensified flood and flash flood occurrences. Agriculture, especially livestock rearing, and industrial activities have been contributing to water pollution that affect not only aquatic life and recreational activities, but also water treatment plants for domestic water supply. Motor vehicles and industrial activities also pollute the atmosphere, especially in urban-industrial areas. The recurrent occurrence of haze episodes since early 1980's is another manifestation of environmental degradation that requires effective environmental management plans and strategies. Experience has shown that environmental management through legislative measures alone is not enough to manage the environment. It is suggested that the environment should be managed holistically and in an integrated manner taking into consideration of non-legislative measures.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)257-264
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Social Sciences
Volume9
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2009

Fingerprint

environmental damage
environmental management
Malaysia
natural disaster
water
biosphere
infrastructure development
water pollution
recreational activity
water management
motor vehicle
erosion
exploitation
natural resources
agriculture
air
interaction
experience

Keywords

  • Development
  • Environmental Degradation
  • Environmental Management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences(all)

Cite this

Development, environmental degradation and environmental management in Malaysia. / Jahi, Jamaluddin Md; Aiyub, Kadaruddin; Arifin, Kadir; Awang, Azahan.

In: European Journal of Social Sciences, Vol. 9, No. 2, 08.2009, p. 257-264.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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