Development, characterization and the application of hybrid materials in coagulation/flocculation of wastewater: A review

Khai Ern Lee, Norhashimah Morad, Tjoon Tow Teng, Beng Teik Poh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

161 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hybrid materials are products which are composed of two or more different types of components in one polymeric matrix. Hybrid materials have been receiving increased attention by researchers in recent years due to their unique properties and superior performance compared to that of conventional inorganic coagulants and organic polymeric flocculants. This paper attempts to discuss various scientific aspects of hybrid materials that are used in coagulation-flocculation process. This review covers the fundamental aspects of preparation, characterization as well as the application of hybrid materials in coagulation/flocculation of wastewater. The properties of hybrid materials are reviewed in terms of chemical, physical, thermal, morphological as well as structural characteristics. Emphasis is given on the application of hybrid materials in treating wastewater under different conditions, through coagulation and flocculation method. It covers various research works efforts which are being carried out over the past decade with respect to hybrid materials used in treating wastewater.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)370-386
Number of pages17
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume203
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2012
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Hybrid materials
Flocculation
Coagulation
flocculation
coagulation
Wastewater
wastewater
Coagulants
research work
material
matrix

Keywords

  • Characterization
  • Coagulation
  • Flocculation
  • Hybrid materials
  • Preparation
  • Wastewater

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry

Cite this

Development, characterization and the application of hybrid materials in coagulation/flocculation of wastewater : A review. / Lee, Khai Ern; Morad, Norhashimah; Teng, Tjoon Tow; Poh, Beng Teik.

In: Chemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 203, 01.09.2012, p. 370-386.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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