Development and validation of Yatt Suicide Attitude Scale (YSAS) in Malaysia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction Despite suicide rate becoming a growing trend in research locally and globally, there is no standard measuring instrument developed in Malaysia. The aim of this study is to establish the first ever Malay version of suicide screening tool that is suitable and fit with multiracial and complex culture of Malaysia. Methods This study comprises of three phases, namely (1) items selection phase, (2) pilot study phase, and (3) scale validation phase. During the first phase, the items were selected from items pools which gathered from previous suicide ideation/ attitude scales. Then the pilot study was carried out to examine the items for Yatt Suicide Attitude Scale (YSAS). Lastly, the Yatt Suicide Attitude Scale (YSAS) validation study was conducted with 219 university students. Results Initial version of YSAS comprised 16 items and three components. After factor analysis, the questionnaire was reduced into only two components (Suicide Ideation and Suicide Attempt) with 5 items each. Both of the components obtained high reliability value (.89 and.86 respectively) and the questionnaire accounted for 67.84% of the total variance. Conclusion The analysis showed that YSAS has an acceptable reliability and validity for Malaysian population. Although these findings corroborate literature on development of suicide ideation assessment instrument for specific cultural context, there is a need to further examine its reliability with clinical population and general population of different cultural context in Malaysia.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0209971
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2019

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suicide
Malaysia
Suicide
Factor analysis
Screening
Students
questionnaires
Population
measuring devices
Validation Studies
college students
Reproducibility of Results
Statistical Factor Analysis
screening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Development and validation of Yatt Suicide Attitude Scale (YSAS) in Malaysia. / Ibrahim, Norhayati; Che Din, Normah; Amit, Noh; Ghazali, Shazli Ezzat; Safien, Aisyah Mohd.

In: PLoS ONE, Vol. 14, No. 2, e0209971, 01.02.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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