Development and analysis of acceptance of a nutrition education package among a rural elderly population

An action research study

Suzana Shahar, Siti Nurasyura Adznam, Suriah Abdul Rahman, Noor Aini Mohd Yusoff, Zaitun Yassin, Fatimah Arshad, Noor Ibrahim Mohamed Sakian, Mohmad Salleh, Asnarulkhadi Abu Samah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: It is well known that older adults are often vulnerable to malnutrition. This action research was conducted to develop a nutrition education package for promoting healthy ageing and reducing risk of chronic diseases among older adults in a rural area of Malaysia. Methods. This study was designed and conducted in three stages, including needs assessment, development of the package and analysis of acceptance among 33 older adults aged 60 years and over in rural communities, and 14 health staff members at rural health clinics. Subjects completed a questionnaire including sociodemographic factors and acceptance evaluation of the nutrition education package with respect to content, graphics and design. Data were analysed descriptively using numbers and percentages. Results: A nutrition education package comprising a booklet, flipchart and placemats was developed. A total of 42.4% of the older adults expressed that the sentences in the flipchart needed to be simplified and medical terms explained. Terminology (60%), illustrations (20%) and nutrition recommendations (20%) were the aspects that prevented elderly subjects from fully understanding the booklet. Information on the placemats was easily understood by subjects. Conclusions: A well accepted nutrition education package for promoting healthy ageing and reducing risk of chronic diseases was developed that incorporated modifications based on feedback from older adult subjects and health clinic staff in a rural area. It is a tool that can effectively be used for health education in this population.

Original languageEnglish
Article number24
JournalBMC Geriatrics
Volume12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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Health Services Research
Rural Population
Education
Pamphlets
Chronic Disease
Rural Health
Needs Assessment
Malaysia
Health
Health Education
Terminology
Malnutrition
Population

Keywords

  • Education models
  • Elderly
  • Health promotion
  • Nutrition therapy
  • Rural population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

Development and analysis of acceptance of a nutrition education package among a rural elderly population : An action research study. / Shahar, Suzana; Adznam, Siti Nurasyura; Rahman, Suriah Abdul; Yusoff, Noor Aini Mohd; Yassin, Zaitun; Arshad, Fatimah; Mohamed Sakian, Noor Ibrahim; Salleh, Mohmad; Samah, Asnarulkhadi Abu.

In: BMC Geriatrics, Vol. 12, 24, 2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Shahar, Suzana ; Adznam, Siti Nurasyura ; Rahman, Suriah Abdul ; Yusoff, Noor Aini Mohd ; Yassin, Zaitun ; Arshad, Fatimah ; Mohamed Sakian, Noor Ibrahim ; Salleh, Mohmad ; Samah, Asnarulkhadi Abu. / Development and analysis of acceptance of a nutrition education package among a rural elderly population : An action research study. In: BMC Geriatrics. 2012 ; Vol. 12.
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