Developing higher order thinking skills (HOTS) via a cooperative problem-based learning [CPBL] pedagogical model in the ESL writing classroom

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Abstract

This research investigated the strategies in writing adopted by the students that developed higher order thinking skills when a CPBL model was incorporated in the writing classroom. This study, a qualitative study explored and investigated the strategies in writing that students adopted in order to complete writing tasks which require them to exercise their higher order thinking skills. The objective of the study is to investigate the writing strategies adopted by the students and how the writing strategies develop higher order thinking skills when a CPBL model is incorporated in the writing classroom. The study was conducted on 13 form 4 students in an urban school. The collection of data was via structured reflective journal. The study revealed that the strategies that developed higher order thinking skills were brainstorming, jotting down ideas in whatever order they came in, explaining the assignment to others, gathering more information from written materials, seeking clarifications from friends, seeking clarifications from the teacher and discussing on the content of the essay by asking one of the group member to write during the discussion and to read again the essay aloud to others in the group. These strategies in writing developed the higher order thinking skills of analysing, evaluating and creating. This study provided insights on the strategies that English teachers should focus on in the writing classroom to develop students' higher order thinking skills when a CPBL model is used.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)255-265
Number of pages11
JournalMan in India
Volume97
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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classroom
learning
student
ESL Writing
Problem-based Learning
teacher
group membership
Learning Model
school
Group
Writing Strategies

Keywords

  • 21st Century Learning
  • CPBL Model
  • ESL Writing Classroom
  • HOTS
  • Strategies in Writing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cultural Studies
  • History

Cite this

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abstract = "This research investigated the strategies in writing adopted by the students that developed higher order thinking skills when a CPBL model was incorporated in the writing classroom. This study, a qualitative study explored and investigated the strategies in writing that students adopted in order to complete writing tasks which require them to exercise their higher order thinking skills. The objective of the study is to investigate the writing strategies adopted by the students and how the writing strategies develop higher order thinking skills when a CPBL model is incorporated in the writing classroom. The study was conducted on 13 form 4 students in an urban school. The collection of data was via structured reflective journal. The study revealed that the strategies that developed higher order thinking skills were brainstorming, jotting down ideas in whatever order they came in, explaining the assignment to others, gathering more information from written materials, seeking clarifications from friends, seeking clarifications from the teacher and discussing on the content of the essay by asking one of the group member to write during the discussion and to read again the essay aloud to others in the group. These strategies in writing developed the higher order thinking skills of analysing, evaluating and creating. This study provided insights on the strategies that English teachers should focus on in the writing classroom to develop students' higher order thinking skills when a CPBL model is used.",
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