Developing a Malaysian Psychotic Symptom Screening Inventory: an exploratory study

Lai Oon Ng, Lei Hum Wee, Ji Kwan Lee, Mohammad Zabri Johari, Siti Sa adiah Hassan Nudin, Baharudin Omar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Psychiatric screening and diagnostic assessments in Malaysia are generally translated versions of existing tools from the West due to the lack of research on indigenous mental health concepts for diagnostic and treatment purposes. This study examined the syndromes of psychotic disorder based on Western constructs within the local context to see its applicability in Malaysia. Knowledge of this investigation would help in determining the extent of adapted tools in Malaysia with regards to validity of use. Concurrently, this study aimed to develop a Malaysian Psychotic Symptoms Screening Inventory as a primary-care-level psychiatric screener. A total of 344 respondents (174 psychotic and 170 non-psychotic respondents) were recruited. Items in the instrument were derived from commonly used Western-based inventories. The generated inventory was self-administered and data collected from the respondents were factor analysed using Principle Component Analysis. Results revealed four factors, of which three indicated significance in discriminating between non-psychotics and psychotic individuals. These factors were inconsistent with Western constructs of psychosis, suggesting that psychosis could be manifested differently in Malaysia. Further studies should focus on indigenous concepts in developing localised psychiatric screening tools.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)386-397
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Culture and Mental Health
Volume7
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 Oct 2014

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Malaysia
Psychotic Disorders
Psychiatry
Equipment and Supplies
psychosis
diagnostic
Primary Health Care
Mental Health
mental health
lack
Research
Surveys and Questionnaires
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • indigenous psychology
  • Malaysia
  • mental health instrument
  • psychometric development
  • psychosis screening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Cultural Studies
  • Social Psychology

Cite this

Developing a Malaysian Psychotic Symptom Screening Inventory : an exploratory study. / Ng, Lai Oon; Wee, Lei Hum; Lee, Ji Kwan; Johari, Mohammad Zabri; Hassan Nudin, Siti Sa adiah; Omar, Baharudin.

In: International Journal of Culture and Mental Health, Vol. 7, No. 4, 02.10.2014, p. 386-397.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ng, Lai Oon ; Wee, Lei Hum ; Lee, Ji Kwan ; Johari, Mohammad Zabri ; Hassan Nudin, Siti Sa adiah ; Omar, Baharudin. / Developing a Malaysian Psychotic Symptom Screening Inventory : an exploratory study. In: International Journal of Culture and Mental Health. 2014 ; Vol. 7, No. 4. pp. 386-397.
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